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Alien Abductions and Mental Hygiene Films: A Possible Link

Bob Abel

Skeptical Briefs Volume 18.2, June 2008

A well-known alleged paranormal phenomenon is the alien abduction popularized by books such as Communion: A True Story (Strieber 1988) and Intruders (Hopkins 1987). The stereotypical abduction begins with the sleeping human participant being awakened by an entity. Sometimes the human/entity encounter is confined to the bedroom; other times, the entity conveys the human to another location and later returns the human to his bedroom. During the encounter, the entity either imparts arcane knowledge to the human or performs pseudo-medical procedures upon him. When this extraordinary encounter is over, the human paradoxically resumes sleeping. This paradoxical resumption of sleep suggests that the encounter is a hypnopompic or hypnogogic hallucination (those experienced during the transitional state between sleep and wakefulness) devoid of any objective reality (Klass 1989).

It is entertaining to speculate on possible inspirations for the hallucinations. A cultural background shared by millions may provide the source material for this brand of hallucination—the shared experience of watching mental hygiene films: short classroom films, dating between 1945 and 1970, “deliberately made to adjust the social behavior of their viewers” (Smith 1999). Mental hygiene films typically focus on how to attain social acceptance along with exhortations to avoid premarital sex, illegal drugs, and careless driving. Curiously, the motifs of several of these films resemble an alien abduction or a hypnopompic/hypnogogic hallucination:

The similarity between these mental hygiene films and alien abductions is striking: an entity appears in a sleeper’s bedroom, sometimes taking the sleeper to a different location (i.e., Cindy Goes to a Party and Mr. B Natural). The entity then imparts knowledge and leaves. Paradoxically, the human participant takes the visitation in stride and falls back to sleep. When alleged abductees are interrogated under hypnosis, instead of recalling an alien encounter, could they actually be recalling their classroom cinematic encounters with Soapy the Germ Fighter and Mr. B Natural?

Evidence against this conjecture is that hypnopompic/hypnogogic hallucinations have a far longer history than mental hygiene films—witness the alleged angelic visitations in the opening chapters of Matthew and Luke and those that led to Joseph Smith’s invention of Mormonism. Rather than mental hygiene films being the source for contemporary alien abduction accounts, it seems more likely that the creators of these films were drawing upon the cultural background of the hypnopompic/hypnogogic hallucination when they brought Mr. X and Soapy to classroom screens. Still, speculating on possible links among these phenomena provides an entertaining diversion.


Many mental hygiene films are available for download or purchase. The following Web sites provide further details:;; and

Bob Abel

Bob Abel is a statistician living in Ann Arbor, Michigan. He wishes to thank his wife Julie for her invaluable assistance.