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A. Charles Catania

Charles Catania is a professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC), where he teaches courses in learning, cognition, and verbal behavior. He has served as editor of the Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior and currently serves as associate editor of Behavioral and Brain Sciences.

Adam Isaak

Alan D. Bowd

Alan Dean Foster

Author of over 100 books and numerous other works, Alan Dean Foster met and corresponded with his colleague Sir Arthur C. Clarke over a period of more than thirty years.

Alan Hale

Astronomer Alan Hale is co-discoverer of Comet Hale-Bopp, director of the Southwest Institute for Space Research in Cloudcroft, New Mexico, and author of Everybody's Comet: A Layman’s Guide to Comet Hale-Bopp.

Alan Orenstein

Alan Orenstein is a retired physiologist who has taught in the Boston area (Tufts, University of Massachusetts, University of Lowell, and Northeastern) and done evaluation research on both coasts.

Alan P. Zelicoff

Alan P. Zelicoff, a physician and physicist, is Senior Scientist in the Center for National Security and Arms Control at Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185-1203.

Alan J. Scott

Alan Scott is a professor of physics at the University of Wisconsin-Stout in Menomonie, Wisconsin, 54751. He is the author of the book Addicted to Placebos: Understanding Science and Society (Lulu, Inc. publisher). He received his PhD in 1995 from Kent State University in experimental nuclear physics.

Alejandro Borgo

Alejandro Borgo is a journalist and paranormal researcher based in Argentina. In 1990 he co-founded CAIRP (Centro Argentino para la Investigación y Refutación de la Pseudociencia), the first Argentinian skeptical group.

Alison Hawthorne Deming

Allan Mazur

Allan Mazur, an engineer and sociologist, has been a professor in Syracuse University’s Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs since 1971. A fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, he is the author or coauthor of seven books (including True Warnings and False Alarms, 2004) and more than 150 scholarly articles.

Allison Cossitt

Allison Cossitt is a former assistant to the executive director of CSICOP.

Amanda Chesworth

Amanda Chesworth is the former educational director for CSICOP

Amardeo Sarma

Amir Raz

Amir Raz holds the Canada Research Chair in the Cognitive Neuroscience of Attention at McGill University and the SMBD Jewish General Hospital, where he heads the Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory and the Clinical Neuroscience and Applied Cognition Laboratory, respectively.

Amy Davis

Amy Davis Roth

András G. Pintér

András G. Pintér's photo

András G. Pintér (@skepman, is an original member and vice president of the Hungarian Skeptic Society. Received the James Randi Skeptic Award from the journal Természet Világa in 1999. Studied biology and environmental science, and is a trained teacher. He has given talks at different events and has been a guest to several TV and radio shows related to skepticism, and has also been attending several international skeptic events since TAM London 2010. Co-editor of two collections covering the first 10 years of the history of Hungarian skepticism. Co-ordinator of the Hungarian “1023 Homeopathy - Nothing In It” campaign in 2011 and now his main responsibility within the Hungarian Skeptic Society is social media presence. Joined (as part of a 7 strong group) Susan Gerbic’s Guerrilla Skepticism on Wikipedia Project in early 2014 and later became leader of the Hungarian Team. He’s been running monthly Skeptics in the Pub events in Székesfehérvár, Hungary since mid 2014.

Andrew A. Skolnick

Andrew A. Skolnick is the executive director of the Center for Inquiry’s Commission for Scientific Medicine and Mental Health. An award-winning medical journalist, Skolnick worked for nearly nine years as an associate editor of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Andrew Fraknoi

Andrew Fraknoi is chair of the astronomy department at Foothill College near San Francisco and senior educator at the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. He is a fellow of CSI, specializing in debunking pseudoscience connected with astronomy. Asteroid 4859 was named Asteroid Fraknoi by the International Astronomical Union to recognize his contributions to the public understanding of astronomy, but he is eager to reassure readers that his is an extremely boring main-belt asteroid that is in no danger of hitting Earth.

Andrew M. Weiss

Andrew Weiss holds a PhD in school-clinical psychology from Hofstra University. He served on the faculty of Iona College and has been a senior school administrator in Chappaqua, New York. He has published a number of articles on technology in education.

Angelo Stagnaro

Angelo Stagnaro is a stage magician, author, and lecturer, currently living in New York City. He has been the editor in chief of the online magicians' monthly electronic magazine Smoke & Mirrors since 1997. His upcoming book on occult and psychic charlatanism will be published in 2007 by Crossroad Publishing.

Angie McQuaig

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Angie McQuaig, PhD, is a curriculum designer and Camp Inquiry director. Learn more about Camp Inquiry at

Ann Druyan

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Ann Druyan is a cowriter with the late Carl Sagan of the Emmy and Peabody award-winning series Cosmos. Their twenty-year professional collaboration included NASA’s Voyager Interstellar Message and many speeches, articles, and books, including Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors and Comet. She was co-creator with Sagan of the motion picture Contact, and a credited contributor to his Pale Blue Dot, The Demon-Haunted World, and Billions and Billions. She is co-founder and CEO of Cosmos Studios, as well as Program Director of Cosmos 1, the first solar sailing spacecraft mission. She and Carl Sagan were married until his death in 1996. They have two children.

Annika Merkelbach

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Annika Merkelbach is a member of Guerilla Skepticism on Wikipedia (GSoW) and of Gesellschaft für wissenschaftliche Untersuchung von Parawissenschaften (GWUP; the German Skeptics organization). She enjoys interviewing European and other skeptics, but also writing and improving Wikipedia pages.

Anthony Layng

Anthony R. Pratkanis

Anthony R. Pratkanis teaches psychology at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Address correspondence to Anthony Pratkanis, Board of Psychology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064.

Adam Slagell

August Piper Jr.

August Piper Jr., M.D. is a psychiatrist in private practice in Seattle. His book, Hoax and Reality: The Bizarre World of Multiple Personality Disorder, was published in January 1997 by Jason Aronson, Inc.

Austin Dacey

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Austin Dacey, Ph.D., is former director of Science and the Public, a program of the Center for Inquiry and State University of New York at Buffalo, and author of several articles and books, including The Secular Conscience. He holds a doctorate in applied ethics and social philosophy and has taught most recently at Polytechnic Institute of New York University.

Avi Dov Klein

Barbara Forrest

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Barbara Forrest is the co-author with Paul R. Gross of Creationism's Trojan Horse: The Wedge of Intelligent Design (Oxford University Press, 2004), which details the political and religious aims of the intelligent design creationist movement. She served as an expert witness for the plaintiffs in the first legal case involving intelligent design, Kitzmiller et al. v. Dover Area School District, which was decided in favor of the plaintiffs in December 2005. She is a member of the board of directors of the National Center for Science Education and the National Advisory Council of Americans United for Separation of Church and State. She has appeared on Larry King Live, ABC's Nightline, and a documentary on intelligent design for the BBC Horizon series. Her radio interviews include NPR's Science Friday with Ira Flatow and Americans United's Culture Shocks with Barry Lynn. She is a Professor of Philosophy in the Department of History and Political Science at Southeastern Louisiana University.

Barrett Brown

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Barrett Brown is the instigator of Project PM, a distributed cartel intended to reduce certain structural deficits that have arisen in the news media. He's a regular contributor to Vanity Fair, The Huffington Post, and True/Slant. His first book, Flock of Dodos: Behind Modern Creationism, Intelligent Design, and the Easter Bunny, was released in 2007; his second, Hot, Fat, and Clouded: The Amazing and Amusing Failures of the American Chattering Class, is set for publication in 2010. Brown can be reached via e-mail at

Barry Fagin

Barry Fagin is professor of computer science at the U.S. Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs. The views represented here are his alone. He is an ACLU National Civil Liberties Award Recipient and a syndicated newspaper columnist who writes frequently about skepticism and critical thinking. In 2012, he was named the Colorado Professor of the Year by the Council for the Advancement and Support of Education. Readers can contact Dr. Fagin at

Barry Karr

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Barry Karr is the director of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry.

Barry L. Beyerstein

Barry Beyerstein was a researcher in the Brain Behavior Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Simon Fraser University.

B.D. Gildenberg

B.D. Gildenberg has had thirty-five years of continuous experience with Skyhook operations and an additional twenty-two years as a consultant. He has authored or co-authored articles in many skeptical magazines. His other background experiences include cryptography in the World War II Pentagon, work on the Pentagon Roswell reports, and involvement in astronaut tests prior to NASA. E-mail:

Benjamin Witts

Benjamin Witts lives in North Mankato, Minnesota.

Benjamin Wolozin

Benjamin Wolozin, M.D., is a professor in the departments of Pharmacology and Neurology at the Boston University School of Medicine.

Benjamin Radford

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Benjamin Radford, M.Ed., is a scientific paranormal investigator, a research fellow at the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry, deputy editor of the Skeptical Inquirer, and author, co-author, contributor, or editor of twenty books and over a thousand articles on skepticism, critical thinking, and science literacy. His newest book is Investigating Ghosts: The Scientific Search for Spirits (2018).

Bernard Ortiz De Montellano

Bernard Ortiz De Montellano is emeritus professor of anthropology at Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan.

Bertha Vazquez

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Bertha Vazquez has been teaching middle school science in Miami-Dade County Public Schools for 24 years. She has BA in Biology from the University of Miami and a Master’s in Science Education from Florida International University. A seasoned traveler who has visited all seven continents, she enjoys introducing the world of nature and science to young, eager minds. An educator with National Board Certification, she is the recipient of several national and local honors, including the 2014 Samsung’s $150,000 Solve For Tomorrow Contest and The Charles C. Bartlett National Excellence in Environmental Award in 2009. She was Miami-Dade Science Teacher of the Year in 1997 and 2008 and was one of Florida’s 2015 finalists for the most prestigious science award in the country, The Presidential Award for Excellence in Mathematics and Science Teaching.

Bertram Rothschild

Bill Busher

Bill Busher is a past President of Technology Alliance of Central New York (TACNY), and current editor of their monthly publication, The Technologist.

Bill Vanderlinde

Bill Vanderlinde lives in Columbia, Maryland, and is a member of the National Capital Area Skeptics.

Bill Nye

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Bill Nye (The Science Guy) is chief executive officer of The Planetary Society. He learned his love of astronomy from Carl Sagan while earning a mechanical engineering degree at Cornell University. He was the writer, producer, and on-air talent for the Emmy Award-winning Bill Nye the Science Guy TV series from 1992–1998. More recently his program 100 Greatest Discoveries aired on the Science Channel. He is a Committee for Skeptical Inquiry fellow and was the keynote speaker at the recent Center for Inquiry/CSI/CSH Summit Conference in Tacoma, Washington.

Bjørn Lomborg

Bjørn Lomborg, PhD, is an adjunct professor in the Copenhagen Business School and organizer of the Copenhagen Consensus, a conference of top economists who come together to prioritize the best solutions for the world’s greatest challenges. He is author of The Skeptical Environmentalist and, most recently, Cool It! The Skeptical Environmentalist’s Guide to Global Warming.

Blake Smith

Stephen Law

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Stephen Law is Provost of Centre for Inquiry UK, and Reader in Philosophy at Heythrop College, University of London. He regularly speaks and debates on religion and humanism (many examples online). Stephen is also author of many popular philosophy books, including The Philosophy Gym – 25 Short Adventures in Thinking (Thomas Dunne 2003), Believing Bullshit: How Not Top Fall Into An Intellectual Black Hole (Prometheus 2011), and Humanism – a Very Short Introduction (OUP 2011). He has also written books for children, including The Complete Philosophy Files (Orion 2011). Stephen currently lives in Oxford, UK.

Bob Abel

Bob Abel is a statistician living in Ann Arbor, Michigan. He wishes to thank his wife Julie for her invaluable assistance.

Bob Ladendorf

Bob Ladendorf is the chief operating officer of CFI/L.A. As a freelance writer, he co-authored The Mad Gasser of Mattoon in the July/August 2002 Skeptical Inquirer.

Bob Steiner

Bob Steiner is a CSICOP Fellow and founder of the Bay Area Skeptics.

Boris Shmakin

Boris Shmakin teaches in universities and works in geochemistry and mineralogy of endogenous processes in the Vinogradov Institute of Geochemistry, Siberian Branch of the Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 4019, Irkutsk, 664033, Russia.

Brad Matthies

Brandon A. Gaudiano

Brandon A. Gaudiano, M.A., is pursuing his Ph.D. in clinical psychology at Drexel University. Address correspondence to Department of Psychology, Drexel University, 245 N. 15th, Mail Stop 988, Philadelphia, PA 19102. E-mail:

Brian Bolton

Brian Hart

Brian Thompson

Brian Thompson writes a weekly science column on the website Pink Raygun and does occasional first-person journalism. He also runs the humorous skeptical news blog The Amateur Scientist and hosts two similarly themed podcasts: The Amateur Scientist Podcast and the interview-oriented Inside the Amateur Scientist Studio.

Brian Regal

Brian Regal teaches the history of science at Kean University, New Jersey. His latest book is Searching for Sasquatch: Crackpots, Eggheads and Cryptozoology (Palgrave, 2011).

Bridgette M. Perez

Bruce Flamm

Bruce L. Flamm is a clinical professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of California, Irvine. Dr. Flamm is the author of several medical books, book chapters, and research articles. In addition to his work in the medical field he is an expert in the history of calculating devices and has co-authored a book on the subject.

Bruce Hartsell

Bruce Martin

Bruce Martin is Professor Emeritus of Chemistry at the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Bryan Farha

Bryan Farha is editor of Paranormal Claims: A Critical Analysis. His new edited book, Pseudoscience and Deception: The Smoke and Mirrors of Paranormal Claims (University Press of America) will be released in spring, 2014.

Burton S. Guttman

Cameron M. Smith

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Cameron M. Smith, PhD, teaches human evolution and prehistory at Portland State University. He has written about evolution in Structure and Dynamics, the American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Evolution Education and Outreach, Physics of Life Reviews, and many popular science journals, as well as in the books The Top Ten Myths About Evolution (Prometheus Books, 2006) and The Fact of Evolution (Prometheus Books, 2011). He may be reached at

Carl Sagan

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Carl Sagan was a science popularizer, co-creator and host of Cosmos, and author or co-author of many books including The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark.

Carol Tavris

Carol Tavris, Ph.D., is a social psychologist, writer, and lecturer. She is author of a recent collection of book reviews and essays, Psychobabble and Biobunk, coauthor of three introductory psychology textbooks, and the book Mistakes Were Made (But Not By Me).

Carolyn Meinel

Carrie Poppy

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Carrie Poppy is the cohost of the investigations podcast Oh No, Ross and Carrie. She regularly writes and speaks on social justice, science, spirituality, faith, and claims of the paranormal. She also performs, mostly in funny things. She only has one fully functioning elbow.

C. Eugene Emery Jr.

Gene Emery is a science and medical writer. His weekly computer software column appears on the Reuters news service. His address is 46 Highland Street, Cranston, RI 02920.

Charles L. Rulon

Charles L. Rulon is a professor emeritus of Long Beach City College, where he taught in the Life Sciences Department for thirty-four years. He has spent the last four decades lecturing and writing on the subjects of evolution, creationism, science and religion, the Christian Right, pseudoscience, abortion, and environmental issues.

Charles Sullivan

Charles Sullivan teaches writing and philosophy at Portland Community College in Portland, Oregon. He's written articles for Playboy, The Writer, Skeptical Inquirer , and The Secular Web, as well as a popular science book, The Top 10 Myths about Evolution (Prometheus Books, 2007).

Charles M. Wynn Sr.

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Charles M. Wynn Sr. is professor of chemistry at Eastern Connecticut State University. He is coauthor of a science quartet:The Five Biggest Ideas in Science, Quantum Leaps in the Wrong Direction: Where Real Science Ends and Pseudoscience Begins,The Five Biggest Unsolved Problems in Science, and And God said, “Let there be evolution!”: Reconciling the Book of Genesis, the Qur’an, and the Theory of Evolution. He is a recipient of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry Skeptic’s Toolbox “In the Trenches” award.

Chris Brewchorne

Chris Brewchorne, a potter, was a friend and neighbor of Ralph Estling.

Christian Walters

Christian Walters is a technical writer in Atlanta. He’s been involved in skepticism for about eight years, and he currently leads the Atlanta Skeptics group. He’s a contributor to the award-dodging podcasts Ask a Canadian and The Death Panel. He’s a graduate of Auburn Uni­versity and is eager to talk to you about college football. Walters’s blog, which often includes topics about skeptical outreach, is at

Chris French

Chris French is professor of psychology, Goldsmiths, University of London. His latest book is Anomalistic Psychology: Exploring Paranormal Beliefs & Experience.

Christopher diCarlo

Christopher H. Whittle

Christopher H. Whittle holds a B.S. degree in Earth Sciences from the University of Massachusetts, an Ed.M. from Harvard University, and a Ph.D. from the University of New Mexico.

Christopher J. Ferguson

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Christopher J. Ferguson is the department chair of psychology at Stetson University. He has written dozens of scholarly articles on media effects and has recently championed a new research paradigm wherein media research itself is subjected to sociological analyses. He has also written a novel, Suicide Kings, and lives in Florida with his wife and son.

Chris Mooney

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Chris Mooney is a science and political journalist, blogger, podcaster, and experienced trainer of scientists in the art of communication. He is the author of four books, including the New York Times bestselling The Republican War on Science and The Republican Brain: The Science of Why They Deny Science and Reality. He blogs for Science Progress, a website of the Center for American Progress and Center for American Progress Action Fund.

Chris Volkay

Chris Volkay wrote “Bigfoot, Pluto, and ?” in our January/February 2007 issue.

Clifford A. Pickover

Clyde Freeman Herreid

Clyde F. Herreid is a CSICOP consultant, magician, biologist, Distinguished Teaching Professor and Academic Director of the University Honors Program at the State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260.

Paul Fidalgo, Communications Director

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This is the account for "official" CFI communications posts by Paul Fidalgo. His daily news and link roundup is posted at The Morning Heresy.

Connie L. Schmidt

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Connie L. Schmidt, aka “Cosmic Connie” (the “Cosmic” part is ironic) is, in her day job, a ghostwriter, editor and book designer with her business and life partner, Ron Kaye. Together they run Schmidt Kaye & Company Professional Literary Services in Houston, Texas. Connie is also the perpetrator of a BLP (book-like product) called Cosmic Relief: Honoring & Celebrating The Global Paradigm Shaft, as well as a companion web site. A long-time fan of Skeptical Inquirer, she wrote a humorous essay that was published in the Winter 1992 issue of SI, and can still be viewed on her Cosmic Relief web site. Connie is an ordained minister of the Universal Life Church, and is thinking of purchasing numerous doctoral degrees from some of the more prestigious metaphysical diploma mills, just so she’ll have all of her bases covered. But she would also like some real science degrees and other impressive credentials too, so anybody who has any extras lying around the house can notify Connie at or

D. Alan Bensley

Dale Beyerstein

Dale Beyerstein teaches philosophy at Langara College in Vancouver, Canada, and is one of the founding members of B.C. Skeptics.

Dale DeBakcsy

Dale DeBakcsy is a regular contributor to The Freethinker, New Humanist, and Philosophy Now. He is also the coauthor of Light Opera and Heavy Consequences and most certainly doesn’t still, once a year, around August, try and use The Force.

Daniel A. Vogel

Daniel C. Dennett

Daniel C. Dennett is University Professor, professor of philosophy, and director of the Center for Cognitive Studies at Tufts University. His most recent book is Breaking the Spell: Religion as a Natural Phenomenon. He is a fellow of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry.

Daniel Grassam

Daniel Grassam writes from Auckland, New Zealand.

Daniel Loxton

Daniel Loxton is a writer, illustrator, and skeptic. He is the editor of Junior Skeptic magazine, a kids' science section bound into the Skeptics Society's Skeptic magazine.

Daniel Perez

Daniel Perez, a long-time researcher and investigator into the Bigfoot mystery, is the editor and publisher of the hard-hitting Bigfoot Times newsletter. He is the author of the cult classic booklet, Bigfoot At Bluff Creek and the reference work, Big Footnotes. His quest is in finding the truth about reports of Bigfoot.

Daniel R. Altschuler

Daniel R. Altschuler is professor of physics at the University of Puerto Rico in Río Piedras and author of Children of the Stars (Cambridge University Press).

Daniel Norero

Daniel Norero is a student of biochemistry at the Catholic University of Chile, an administrator of Chile Skeptic, and a member of the Chilean Skeptical Association.

Danny Helman

Danny Helman is in the department of psychology at Tel-Aviv University, Israel.

Dan Whipple

Dan Whipple is a Colorado-based freelancer, writing mostly about science and the environment.

Derek C. Araujo

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Derek C. Araujo is a teaching fellow and Ph.D. candidate at the Columbia University Department of Physics. He is a former Vice President and General Counsel of the Center for Inquiry.

Dave Brooks

Dave Thomas

Dave Thomas, a physicist and mathematician, is president of New Mexicans for Science and Reason and a fellow of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry. He is currently a scientist/programmer at IRIS/PASSCAL in Socorro, New Mexico, and also teaches classes in physics, psychology, and critical thinking at New Mexico Tech.

Dave Vaughan

David A. Levy

David A. Levy is professor of psychology, Graduate School of Education and Psychology, Pepperdine University, Los Angeles, California.

David Appell

David Appell is a science journalist in Portland, Oregon.

David Bloomberg

David Bloomberg is the chairman of the Rational Examination Association of Lincoln Land (REALL).

David C. Haas

David C. Haas, M.D., is a retired professor of neurology at the State University of New York, Upstate Medical University, Syracuse.

David Darling

David Darling, who has a Ph.D. in astronomy, is the author of Life Everywhere: The Maverick Science of Astrobiology, The Extraterrestrial Encyclopedia, and, most recently, Teleportation: The Impossible Leap. His website is

David G. Willey

David Willey is a physics instructor at the University of Pittsburgh at Johnstown, a member of the board of the Pennsylvania Science Teachers Association, and one of the current world record holders for the longest firewalk. His traveling physics show has been seen by about 50,000 students and he is the “resident mad scientist” on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno. His Web site home page may be found at

David N. Keightley

David Koepsell

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David Koepsell, a former executive director of the Council for Secular Humanism, is assistant professor of philosophy at the Delft University of Technology (faculty of Technology, Policy, and Management) in the Netherlands.

David Ludden

David Ludden is an assistant professor of psychology at Lindsey Wilson College in Columbia, Kentucky.

David Morrison

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David Morrison is a long-time NASA senior scientist and Committee for Skeptical Inquiry fellow. He now divides his time between the SETI Institute and the NASA Lunar Science Institute. He hosts the "Ask an Astrobiologist" column at NASA's website.

David Park Musella

David Park Musella is a former assistant editor of Skeptical Inquirer.

David Voas

David Voas is Simon Professor of Population Studies at the Institute for Social Change, University of Manchester, England.

David W. Clapsaddle

David Clapsaddle is a doctoral student in Public Affairs at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

David H. Gorski

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David H. Gorski, MD, PhD, is in the Departments of Surgery and Oncology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, and the Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute, Detroit, Michigan. E-mail:

Dawn M. Peterson

Dawn Peterson is an investigative equestrian and former CSICOP intern.

Ed Beck

D. Edward Beck is the Senior Policy Analyst for the CFI Office of Public Policy in Washington, DC. A graduate of the State University of New York at Buffalo (B.A., International Politics, Anthropology), he served as a CBRN defense specialist in the United States Marine Corps from 2002 until 2006. Follow him on Twitter: @DEdwardBeck

Declan Fahy

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Declan Fahy is an assistant professor in the School of Communication, American University, Washington, D.C. He holds a doctorate in communication from Dublin City University, and he has published scholarly papers in a number of journalism, science, and communications journals. The New Celebrity Scientists: Out of the Lab and into the Limelight, is his first book.

Delano José Lopez

Delano José Lopez currently teaches theatrical scenic design at the Bullis School in Potomac, Maryland. He is a contributor to the Guide to U.S. Popular Culture, and has written on American skinhead gangs, the faustian dilemma in contemporary film, and the representation of Native Americans in popular culture. Address: 1512 Columbia Rd. NW, Washington, D.C. 20009. E-mail:

Denise Sutherland

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Denise Sutherland is an Australian author, puzzle writer, graphic designer, editor, and book indexer. She is the author of such diverse titles as A Guide for Adults with Hip Dysplasia (with Dr. Sophie West), Solving Cryptic Crosswords for Dummies, and Cracking Codes and Cryptograms for Dummies (with Mark Koltko-Rivera). She can be contacted at

Denis Hamel

Denis Hamel was, until his retirement in October 2006, Programme Assistant at the Scientific, Technical, and Technology Matters Unit at the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, under the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). He is a member of the Quebec Skeptic Association (Association des sceptiques du Québec), writes for the Queébec Sceptique magazine, and lives in Montreal.

Dennis R. Trumble

Dennis R. Trumble is Senior Bioengineer in the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery at Allegheny General Hospital (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) and Research Instructor of Surgery at Drexel University College of Medicine. Correspondence may be addressed to D.R. Trumble, Cardiac Surgery Research, Allegheny General Hospital, 320 East North Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA, 15212.

Dimitry Rotstein

Dimitry Rotstein, a graduate physics student at the Israel Institute of Technology, has had a lifelong interest in inventions and entrepreneurship, and became a self-styled investigator of "alternative medicine" after being duped by its practitioners one time too many.

D.J. Grothe

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D.J. Grothe is president of the James Randi Educational Foundation. He is also the former Vice President and Director of Outreach Programs for the Center for Inquiry and associate editor of Free Inquiry magazine. He hosted the weekly radio show and podcast Point of Inquiry, exploring the implications of the scientific outlook with leading thinkers.

Donald Mainfort

Donald Mainfort, who has lectured, taught English, and traveled extensively in China, now writes from Minneapolis.

Donald Simanek

Donald Simanek is an emeritus professor of physics at Lock Haven University of Pennsylvania. His website includes science, pseudoscience, humor, and satire.

Donald U. Wise

Donald U. Wise is a research associate at Franklin and Marshall College, in Lancaster, PA 17604-3003 and professor emeritus of geology, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.

Don A. Merrell

Don Merrell is a visiting assistant professor of philosophy at Arkansas State University.

Donna Danford

Donna Danford is an assistant editor for SI and Free Inquiry.

Dr. Lorence G. Collins

Lorence G. Collins is a retired professor of geology from California State University Northridge. He has thirty-six articles on the website Opposition to Creationism ( that describe various views of young-Earth creationists and their scientific errors in interpretations. Among these are three articles that discuss a bogus fossilized Noah’s ark in eastern Turkey.

Ed Buckner

Ed Buckner is Southern Director for the Council for Secular Humanism; he was executive director of the Council from 2001 until 2003.

Edward H. Jones

Edward H. Jones is a freelance writer.

Edward Kruglyakov

Edward Kruglyakov is a head of laboratory and deputy director of the largest institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics). He is the State Prize (1986) and Artsimovich award (2001) winner. He is chairman of the Russian Academy of Science Commission on the struggle against pseudoscience. He is also author of a book whose title might best be translated into English as Pseudoscientists of the Modern Era. E-mail:

Edward Summer

Edward Summer is the founder of How Science Works: The Film and Video Competition, a new international contest to encourage production of entertaining and informative films on science.

Edward Tufte

Edward Tufte has written seven books, including Visual Explanations, Envisioning Information, The Visual Display of Quantitative Information, and Data Analysis for Politics and Policy. He writes, designs, and self-publishes his books on analytical design, which have received more than 40 awards for content and design. He is Professor Emeritus at Yale University, where he taught courses in statistical evidence, information design, and interface design. His current work includes landscape sculpture, printmaking, video and a new book.

Edzard Ernst

Edzard Ernst, MD, PhD, is emeritus professor in the Complementary Medicine unit, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, U.K.

Elie A. Shneour

Elie A. Shneour, a neurochemist and biophysicist, is president and research director of Biosystems Research Institute in La Jolla, California, and a longtime Committee for Skeptical Inquiry fellow. He has served on many national and international science advisory bodies and is a member of the American Chemical Society, the American Society of Biological Chemists, the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, the International Society for Neurochemistry, Sigma Xi, and several other scientific organizations.

Elizabeth Loftus

Elizabeth F. Loftus is Distinguished Professor of Social Ecology, and Professor of Law, and Cognitive Science in the Psychology and Social Behavior and Criminology, Law and Society departments in the School of Social Ecology at University of California, Irvine.

Elizabeth M. Whelan

Elizabeth Sherman

Elizabeth Sherman is a professor of biology at Bennington College, Bennington, Vermont, and teaches classes in animal behavior and physiology. Her research focuses on the responses of amphibians to environmental stresses.

Erich Goode

Erich Goode is Visiting Professor in the Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, College of Behavioral and Social Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-8235, and the author of Paranormal Beliefs: A Sociological Introduction.

Eric Krieg

Eric Krieg is an electrical engineer working as an independent engineering consultant at Kulicke and Soffa in Horsham, Pennsylvania. He is a founding member and on the executive council of the Philadelphia Association for Critical Thinking. He maintains a number of active Web pages and has recently assisted in a test of therapeutic touch along with James Randi. For more information on Eric Krieg’s examination of the claims of Dennis Lee, see

Eric Lee

Eric Lee is a skeptical observer of the paranormal from Yezreel, Israel.

Eric Scerri

Eric Scerri is a lecturer in the Department of Chemistry at UCLA, where he also teaches philosophy of science. His Web page is He is the editor of the journal Foundations of Chemistry; for more information see

Essam Munir

Medical Student at Baghdad Medical College with an interest in the fields of neuroscience and psychology.

Etienne C. Rios

Etienne C. Rios is on the staff of the Skeptical Inquirer and a graduate student in Interdisciplinary Social Science at the State University of New York at Buffalo.

Eugene A. Shinn

Eugene A. Shinn is a geologist in St. Petersburg, Florida. Address: 4727 Paradise Way South, St. Petersburg, FL 33705. E-mail:

Evan Harrington

Evan Harrington is a graduate student in social psychology at Temple University.

Everett A. Themer

Everett A. Themer's photo

Everett A. Themer is an audio engineer and copywriter for a Midwestern marketing company. He used to be an active researcher into paranormal concepts until he became tired of people going into it proclaiming that they intended to be science-based but in reality just wanting to find activity they could claim as paranormal.

Eve Siebert

Eve Siebert has a PhD in English literature, specializing in Old and Middle English and Old Norse. She teaches at the University of Wisconsin–Eau Claire. She and Bob Blaskiewicz co-edit the blog and are co-writing a book called Was Shakespeare an Alien? Skepticism and the Humanities. She appears on the weekly webcast Virtual Skeptics with Brian Gregory, Tim Farley, Sharon Hill, and Bob Blaskiewicz.

Felipe Nogueira

Felipe Nogueira's photo

Felipe Nogueira has a master’s degree in computer science and is a PhD student in medical sciences in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Being an engaged reader of skepticism and promoting the science movement for years, Felipe realized the movement was not as strong in Brazil as it should be. He created a blog where he writes and translates pieces about science and skepticism and also publishes interviews he has done with scientists and skeptics. His blog can be found in Portuguese at and in English at

Felix Wasiak

Felix Wasiak is a doctoral student in space and planetary sciences at the University of Arkansas. He is currently on sabbatical from Northrop Grumman Space Technology, following a twenty-five year career as an aerospace engineer, to pursue his interests in planetary sciences. He is a member of the Fayetteville Freethinkers in Fayetteville, Arkansas.

Forrest Gander

Forrest Gander, Professor of English and Comparative Literature, is author of more than a dozen books, including the acclaimed novel, As a Friend, and the poetry collections Eye Against Eye and Torn Awake. The editor of two anthologies of Mexican poetry, Gander also translates: No Shelter: Poems by Pura Lopez Colome and Firefly Under the Tongue: Poems by Coral Bracho are most recent. With Kent Johnson, he has translated two books by Bolivian wunderkind Jaime Saenz. In a collection of essays, A Faithful Existence, Gander explores evolution, literary hoaxes, snapping turtles, and border crossings. He is a United States Artists Rockefeller Fellow and has received fellowships from the Guggenheim, Howard, and Whiting Foundations, among others.

Frank Reiser

Frank Reiser is in the department of biology at Nassau Community College, Garden City, New York.

Frank Trocco

Frank Trocco leads students into the pleasures and complexities of controversial science, critical thinking, and skepticism at Lesley College, Massachusetts, and Vermont College, Vermont. He can be reached at: RFD#2, Box 801, Montville, ME 04941.

Frederick Crews

Gary Bauslaugh

Gary Bauslaugh is the editor of Humanist Perspectives in Duncan, BC, Canada.

Gary E. Schwartz

Gary E. Schwartz's photo

Gary E. Schwartz is with the Human Energy Systems Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson.

Gary L. Bennet

Gary Posner

Gary Posner, M.D., is founder of Tampa Bay Skeptics and a CSI scientific consultant. His website is

Gary M. Bakker

Gary M. Bakker's photo

Gary M. Bakker is a practicing clinical psychologist and clinical lecturer at the University of Tasmania, Australia, who has published in both clinical (Practical CBT) and skeptical (God: A Psychological Assessment) fields.

Gene Emery

Gene Emery manages the Massachusetts bureau of the Providence Journal, reviews computer software and video games, and frequently writes about science, medicine and technology. He'll be accepting predictions through Jan. 15 from professional psychics, although they must be for unexpected events guaranteed to make the headlines in 2005.

Geoffrey Dean

Geoffrey Dean, PhD, is a British technical editor living in Perth, Western Australia. He is a fellow of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry and a contributor to four Prometheus Books, including Skeptical Odysseys. He and his associates are best known for critical studies into astrology since the 1970s and the skeptical website

George Hrab

George Hrab is a multi-instrumentalist, singer, songwriter, producer, composer, and heliocentrist. He has written and produced six independent CDs and a concert DVD; published two books; and recorded hundreds of episodes of an award-winning podcast.

George A. Ulett

George A. Ulett, M.D., Ph.D., is a clinical professor of psychiatry at the University of Missouri School of Medicine and Missouri Institute of Mental Health, St. Louis, MO 63139, and author of The Biology of Acupuncture.

George Englebretsen

George Englebretsen is the author most recently of Bare Facts and Naked Truths (Ashgate 2006). He is in the department of philosophy at Bishop's University in Quebec.

George Johnson

George Johnson is a science reporter for The New York Times. His books include Fire in the Mind: Science, Faith and the Search for Order.

George Ongere

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George Ongere is the executive director CFI-Kenya.

Glenn Branch

Glenn Branch is deputy director of the National Center for Science Education, a nonprofit organization that defends the teaching of evolution and climate science. He is the coeditor, with Eugenie C. Scott, of Not in Our Classrooms: Why Intelligent Design is Wrong for Our Schools (Beacon Press, 2006).

G.M. Woerlee

Born and raised in Western Australia, G.M. Woerlee is a physician and anesthesiologist who has taught and practiced in Leiden, the Netherlands, for the past twenty-three years. His book Mortal Minds: A Biology of the Soul and the Dying Experience has just been published by DeTijdstroom in Utrecht, the Netherlands. The preface and first chapter of the book are available at the company’s Web site, This article was originally given as a talk at the European Skeptics Conference in London, Sept. 5—7, 2003. Address: Dr. G.M. Woerlee, Kagerstraat 4, 2334CR Leiden, The Netherlands. E-mail:

Grant Ritchey

Grant Ritchey's photo

Grant Ritchey has practiced general dentistry in Tonganoxie, Kansas since 1986 and has been a strong advocate for evidence based health care policies and practices his entire career. He received his Bachelors Degree in Human Biology from the University of Kansas in 1982 and his Doctor of Dental Surgery Degree from the University of Oklahoma in 1986. He also recently completed the certification program in Science and the Public through the CFI. A contributor to the Science Based Medicine blog, Grant also hosts the popular Prism Podcast, a podcast that explores the spectrum of science, medicine, and critical thinking. He can be found on Twitter as @skepticaldds, and can be reached at

Grant Jewell Rich

Grant Jewell Rich is a Ph.D. candidate in psychology at the University of Chicago.

Greg Bear

Greg Bear is the author of such novels as Eon, Blood Music, Darwin's Radio, and, most recently, Quantico and City at the End of Time.

Greg Laden

Greg Laden is an independent scholar and associate advisor with the Program for Individualized Learning at the University of Minnesota. He has a PhD in archaeology and biological anthropology. He blogs at Scienceblogs and, where this article originally appeared.

Greg Martinez

Greg Martinez lives and writes in Gainesville, Florida.

Gregory W. Lester

Gregory W. Lester, Ph.D. is a psychologist on the graduate faculty of the University of St. Thomas in Houston, Texas, and in private practice in Houston and in Denver, Colorado. Address correspondence to: Gregory W. Lester, Ph.D., 111 Harrison St., Suite 1, Denver, Colorado 80206.

Gregory S. Paul

Gregory S. Paul is an independent evolutionary scientist and paleontologist with interests in the relationship between science and religion. His books include Dinosaurs of the Air (Johns Hopkins University Press) and Beyond Humanity (coauthor Earl Cox, Charles River Media, 1996).

Greta Christina

Gretchen McCormack

Gretchen McCormack is a perpetual English major who has edited books and journals in a variety of medical specialties.

Gun-Il Kang

Gun-Il Kang earned his Ph.D. degree from the University of British Columbia, Vancouver. A former pharmaceutical chemistry professor at Sookmyung Women’s University in Korea, he wrote ten science related books.

Gurmukh Mongia

Gurmukh Mongia is a computer scientist working in the field of web development. He currently operates a blog and podcast related to critical thinking, The Dumbasses Guide to Knowledge (

Dr. G. Vijayam

Dr. Vijayam is Executive Director of the Atheist Centre in India.

Gwen A. Burda

Gwen A. Burda is the former managing editor of Skeptical Inquirer.

H. Sidky

H. Sidky, PhD, is professor of anthropology and chief departmental advisor in the Department of Anthropology at Miami University (Ohio). He refers to himself as a scientific anthropologist. He is working on a book on the topic of this essay.

Harlan Ellison©

Harlan Ellison is a prolific writer of short stories, teleplays, essays, and criticism. He wrote for the original Star Trek and Outer Limits television series, and his speculative fiction and science fiction have won multiple Hugo and Nebula awards. CSICOP awarded him its Distinguished Skeptic Award in 2002.

Harriet Hall

Harriet Hall's photo

Harriet Hall, MD, a retired Air Force physician and flight surgeon, writes and educates about pseudoscientific and so-called alternative medicine. She is a contributing editor and frequent contributor to the Skeptical Inquirer and contributes to the blog Science-Based Medicine. She is author of Women Aren’t Supposed to Fly: Memoirs of a Female Flight Surgeon and coauthor of the 2012 textbook Consumer Health: A Guide to Intelligent Decisions.

Harrie Verstappen

Harrie Verstappen is a photographer and filmmaker, now working on a virtual reality simulation of Curaçao island upon discovery in 1499. No known relation to Jos the car racer or Sjeng the pugilist. Web site:

Harry Eagar

Harry Eagar is a staff writer at The Maui News, Maui, Hawaii.

Hayley Stevens

Hayley Stevens is a skeptical podcaster, writer, public speaker, and founder of Project Barnum, an educational resource about psychic trickery. She also hosts the popular Righteous Indignation Podcast, and, being a reformed ghost hunter, she can often be found trying to educate people about the pseudoscience involved in the majority of ghost and monster research.

Heidi Anderson

Heidi Anderson is the development coordinator for a domestic violence/sexual assault services agency in Spartanburg, South Carolina. She is the mother of two incredibly smart sons and the wife of one incredibly patient man. Seh can be reached through her Web site,, where essays on skepticism, parenting, sexuality, and body image can be found.

Hemant Mehta

Hemant Mehta is a blogger at and a high school math teacher in the suburbs of Chicago.

Henry Gordon

Henry Huber

Henry Huber's photo

Henry Huber is CFI's former Assistant Director of Communications. Henry graduated cum laude from the State University of New York College at Buffalo with a bachelor’s degree in journalism, and joined the Center for Inquiry after working as editor for two Western New York newspapers. While working at the Center for Inquiry, Henry was a regular contributor to the Skeptical Briefs newsletter, editor of the new Committee for Skeptical Inquirer e-newsletter, and an occasional contributor to the Free Thinking blog and Skeptical Inquirer magazine. He formerly handled the national distribution for the Humanist Perspective.

Howard Gabennesch

Howard Gabennesch is professor of sociology at the University of Southern Indiana, Evansville, IN 47712. He suspects that multidimensional critical thinking is no more common in education than in religion or politics. E-mail:

Howard Schneider

Ian Harris

Ian Harris is a professional stand-up comedian who infuses skepticism and science into his comedy. His hour TV special Critical & Thinking is currently available on most video-on-demand platforms, and his second special ExtraOrdinary is due out in early 2017.

Ian Williams Goddard

Indre Viskontas

Indre Viskontas's photo

Indre Viskontas, a writer, neuroscientist, and opera singer, holds a doctorate in cognitive neuroscience and a master of music in vocal performance. Her scientific research explores the neural basis of memory and creativity; she has published more than thirty original peer-reviewed articles and book chapters. Viskontas is affiliated with the Memory and Aging Center at UC–San Francisco and is the associate editor of the journal Neurocase. She cohosted Miracle Detectives, a six-episode docuseries on the Oprah Winfrey Network, in which she explored the scientific explanations of paranormal experiences. She also blogs regularly at

Irving Rothchild

Irving Rothchild is Emeritus Professor of Reproductive Biology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio.

Irwin Tessman

Irwin Tessman is a professor emeritus of biology at Purdue University. His primary scientific research is on DNA damage, repair, and mutation. He has written critically about alternative medicine and intercessory prayer.

Jack Raso

Jack Raso is the author of Mystical Diets: Paranormal, Spiritual, and Occult Nutrition Practices (Prometheus Books, 1993) and Alternative Healthcare: A Comprehensive Guide (Prometheus Books, 1994). He is co-editor of Nutrition Forum newsletter and a board member of the National Council Against Healh Fraud.

James Alcock

James E. Alcock is professor of psychology, Glendon College, York University, Toronto.

James D. Livingston

James D. Livingston now teaches in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and was for more than thirty years a physicist at General Electric’s Corporate Research and Development Center. He is the author of Driving Force: The Natural Magic of Magnets (Harvard, 1996), a popular-science book on the history, legends, science, and technology of magnets.

James Lawrence Powell

James Lawrence Powell's photo

James Lawrence Powell is author of Four Revolutions in the Earth Sciences (reviewed in our May/June 2015 issue) and The Inquisition of Climate Science. He is executive director of the National Physical Science Consortium. He has been president of three colleges and of the Franklin Institute and the Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History. He is also a former member of the National Science Board and a newly elected fellow of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry.

James Lett

James Lett is a Professor of Anthropology, Department of Social Sciences, Indian River Community College. He is author of The Human Enterprise: A Critical Introduction to Anthropological Theory and Science, Reason, and Anthropology: The Principles of Rational Inquiry (1997, Rowman and Littlefield Publishers).

James McGaha

Astronomer James McGaha is director of the Grasslands Observatory, Tucson, Arizona. He is a pilot and retired U.S. Air Force major, a longtime evaluator of UFO reports and claims, and a scientific consultant to the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry.

James M. Wood

James M. Wood is professor of psychology at the University of Texas at El Paso.

James N. Gardner

James N. Gardner is the author of Biocosm which was selected by’s editors as one of the ten best science books of 2003.

James Oberg

James Oberg worked twenty-two years at NASA Mission Control in Houston, specializing in orbital rendezvous, and is now a full-time free-lance consultant, author, speaker, and examiner of space folklore. He is a founding Fellow of CSICOP and a Skeptical Inquirer consulting editor.

James Randi

James Randi's photo

James “The Amazing” Randi is a magician, investigator of psychic claims, author (Flim-Flam!, The Faith Healers, The Mask of Nostradamus, The Magic of Uri Geller), and the president of the James Randi Educational Foundation. He was a founding fellow of CSICOP. This article is based on a special presentation on investigating psychics he gave at the Fifth World Skeptics Congress, Abano Terme, Italy, October 8—10, 2004.

James Rotton

James Rotton is professor of psychology at Florida International University and a member of CSICOP’s Astrology Subcommittee.

James Trefil

James Trefil is Clarence J. Robinson Professor of Physics at George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia.

James Webb

James R. Webb is professor of physics at Florida International University and is the director of the Southeastern Association for Research in Astronomy’s observatory.

Jamie Hale

Jamie Hale's photo

Jamie Hale is a college instructor, and he is associated with Eastern Kentucky University's Cognitive Neuroscience Lab and Perception & Cognition Lab. He has published articles and books on a wide range of topics. Jamie is the director of and author of In Evidence We Trust: The need for science, rationality and statistics. His future articles will address models for improved scientific thinking, popular myths, and rationality in terms of cognitive science.

Jason Rosenhouse

Jason Rosenhouse is the author of EvolutionBlog, providing commentary on developments in the endless dispute between evolution and creationism.

Jayant V. Narlikar

Jayant V. Narlikar, well known as an astrophysicist and science communicator in India, is internationally known for his work in cosmology. He is emeritus professor at the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics in Pune, India.

Jay M. Pasachoff

Jay Pasachoff is a new consulting editor of Skeptical Inquirer, is Field Memorial Professor of Astronomy at Williams College and, during 2008-2009, visiting associate at the California Institute of Technology.

Jeff Medkeff

In December 2007, Medkeff started the Blue Collar Scientist blog, where he writes about science, science communication, skepticism, and atheism.

Jeffrey A. Lee

Jeffrey B. King

Jeffrey B. King is an attorney practicing in Houston, Texas.

Jeff Wagg

Jennifer Michael Hecht

Jennifer Michael Hecht, a poet and historian of science, is a professor of history at Nassau Community College. She is the author of two books of poetry, The Next Ancient World, and Funny, as well as the nonfiction works, Doubt: A History, and The End of the Soul.

Jere H. Lipps

Jere H. Lipps is a professor in the Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, where he teaches and does research in marine evolutionary paleobiology. He has been an outspoken advocate of science literacy in America and is a Fellow of CSICOP and a member of its Council on Media Integrity. E-mail:

Jeremy M. Harris

Jeremy M. Harris is a retired research engineer with a lifelong interest in science and a recent fascination with the interactions between scientific and religious worldviews.

Jill Neimark

Jill Tarter

Jill Tarter is Director of the Center for SETI Research at the SETI Institute, 515 N. Whisman Road, Mountain View, CA 99043.

Jim Underdown

Jim Underdown is executive director of the Center for Inquiry–Los Angeles, and the founder of the Independent Investigations Group.

John R. Mashey

John R. Mashey is a computer scientist whose career has extended from Bell Labs to the Silicon Valley. Many of the wide variety of scientists he has worked with have used software or hardware he helped create. For the past few years he has been studying climate science, anti-science, and energy issues.

Joanne Agate

During her seven years as one of the driving forces behind the Pagan Federation International, Joanne Agate became skeptical of organized religions, spirituality, and the New Age. She now spends much of her time trying to talk sense into people.

Joel Kirschbaum

Joel Kirschbaum, PhD, is a retired chemist who has published about seventy scientific papers and about fifty additional science-humor essays and articles for both conventional publishers such as Dow-Jones, Inc., and for The Journal of Irreproducible Results.

Joe Nickell

Joe Nickell's photo

Joe Nickell, Ph.D., is Senior Research Fellow of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSI) and "Investigative Files" Columnist for Skeptical Inquirer. A former stage magician, private investigator, and teacher, he is author of numerous books, including Inquest on the Shroud of Turin (1998), Pen, Ink and Evidence (2003), Unsolved History (2005) and Adventures in Paranormal Investigation (2007). He has appeared in many television documentaries and has been profiled in The New Yorker and on NBC's Today Show. His personal website is at

Joe Queenan

Joe Queenan is a humorist, critic and author from Philadelphia who graduated from Saint Joseph's University.

Joseph Keierleber

Joseph Keierleber is a biotechnologist living in Portland, Maine.

Joe Schwarcz

Joe Schwarcz's photo

Joe Schwarcz is director of McGill University’s Office for Science & Society. He hosts The Dr. Joe Show on CJAD Radio 800 AM in Montreal every Sunday from 3–4 PM. He is a Committee for Skeptical Inquiry Fellow.

John Allen Paulos

John Allen Paulos's photo

John Allen Paulos is a professor of mathematics at Temple University and the author of eight previous books, including the bestselling Innumeracy and A Mathematician Reads the Newspaper. He is a fellow of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry. For further information, visit

John C. Sherwood

John C. Sherwood of Pennsylvania, a reporter and editor for Gannett Co. newspapers for twenty-eight years, has written interactive mysteries and books on magic. Contact him at or

John Eades

John Eades, PhD, is a graduate of Liverpool University. As a CERN senior physicist he carried out research on antihydrogen and antiprotonic helium in collaboration with Japanese and European colleagues for several years until his retirement. He is now affiliated with Tokyo University.

John E. Dodes

John E. Dodes is the president of the New York Chapter of the National Council Against Health Fraud, and the only dentist on the New York State Department of Health’s Health Fraud Advisory Board. His new consumer book, The Whole Tooth, written with Dr. Marvin Schissel, is to be published by St. Martin’s Press in 1997.

John Fleck

John Fleck is a science journalist for the Albuquerque Journal. His book The Tree Ring Tales: Understanding our Changing Climate will be published by the University of New Mexico Press in the fall of 2009. His website is available at

John Gaeddert

John Gaeddert is the former assistant director of Center for Inquiry public relations.

John Geohegan

John Geohegan was the founding president of New Mexicans for Science and Reason and currently serves as the vice president.

John Ray

John Ray is a decision science major at Carnegie-Mellon University.

John Ruscio

John T. Omohundro

John T. Omohundro is an assistant professor of anthropology at the State Uni- versity of New York College at Potsdam.

John Whittaker

John Champion

John Champion's photo

John Champion is a video producer in Los Angeles and supporter of CFI–Los Angeles and IIG West. He is the cohost/producer of Mission Log: A Roddenberry Star Trek Podcast, which explores the morals, ethics, and philosophies presented in Star Trek.

John Franch

John Franch is a freelance writer. He is the author of Robber Baron: The Life of Charles Tyson Yerkes and has written articles for such publications as Astronomy, Sky and Telescope, the University of Chicago Magazine, Illinois Alumni, and Chicago History. He can be reached at

John Cook

John Cook's photo

John Cook is the Climate Communication Fellow for the Global Change Institute at the University of Queensland, Australia. He created and maintains the Skeptical Science website and is co-author of Climate Change Denial (2011) and the 2013 college textbook Climate Change Science: A Modern Synthesis.

Jonathan Jarry

Jonathan Jarry is a biological scientist and science communicator. He addresses bad science and pseudoscience in his biweekly YouTube show Cracked Science for the McGill Office for Science and Society. He is also the co-host of The Body of Evidence podcast, which explains health and medical information to the public in a funny and entertaining way.

Jonathan E. Adler

Jonathan E. Adler is professor of philosophy at Brooklyn College and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, Brooklyn, New York 11210.

Jon Childress

Jon Cohen

Jon Cohen is a successful record producer. However, his main passion is scepticism, which he discovered after reading Sagan’s The Demon Haunted World in his early twenties. In 2008, he offered Psychic Surgeon Gary Mannion £50,000 if he could prove his abilities under controlled conditions.

Joseph A. Bauer

Joseph A. Bauer is a surgeon in Cleveland, Ohio, and a member of South Shore Skeptics.

Joseph P. Szimhart

Joe Szimhart is a specialist in controversial new religions, therapies, and cults. He reviewed Surfing the Himalayas in our July/August 1996 issue.

Josh Hunt

Josh Hunt is co-president of The Cleveland Skeptics (TCS) and he’s married to Ginger, the founder and president of TCS. He is currently earning his BA in psychology at Cleveland State University. More information on the TCS can be found at

John Shook

John Shook's photo

John Shook is Director of Education and Senior Research Fellow at the Center for Inquiry–Transnational in Amherst, N.Y., and Research Associate in Philosophy at the University at Buffalo, since 2006. He has authored and edited more than a dozen books, is a co-editor of three philosophy journals, and travels for lectures and debates across the United States and around the world.

J.T. Enright

J.T. (Jim) Enright is a professor of behavioral physiology, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, where he emphasizes data analysis in teaching critical evaluation of scientific literature. He has conducted research on “biological clocks” and sensory physiology of both crustaceans and humans and has spent several years at research labs in Germany and Austria.

Judge John E. Jones III

Judith Schlesinger

Judith Schlesinger, PhD, is a psychologist, therapist, educator, musician, jazz critic, and the author of The Insanity Hoax: Exposing the Myth of the Mad Genius, which combines three decades of scholarly research and clinical experience into the first comprehensive analysis of this pseudoscientific stereotype. A psychology professor for seventeen years, Schlesinger’s publications include her film biography of Humphrey Bogart (Metro Books, 1997), articles in The American Psychologist and the British Journal of Psychiatry, the psychology chapter in Stephen Sondheim: A Casebook (Garland Publishing, 2000), and ten years of “Shrinktunes” columns for that explore the overlap between psychology and music.

Julia Galef

Julia Galef is a New York-based writer and public speaker specializing in science, rationality, and design. She serves on the board of directors of the New York City Skeptics (, co-hosts their official podcast Rationally Speaking (, and co-writes its blog ( along with philosopher of science Massimo Pigliucci. She received her BA in statistics from Columbia in 2005.

Julia Lavarnway

Julia Lavarnway is managing editor of the Skeptical Inquirer and assistant editor of Free Inquiry magazines.

Julia Santomauro

Julia Santomauro is a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths College, University of London.

Justin Trottier

Justin Trottier is the director of CFI Ontario.

Kal K. Korff

Kal K. Korff is President and CEO of TotalResearch, a company dedicated to studying universal mysteries and concerns. He has appeared on such TV shows as CNN’s Larry King Live and Fox’s Encounters. He is the author of Spaceships of the Pleiades: The Billy Meier Story (1996) and The Roswell UFO Crash: What They Don't Want You to Know (1997), both from Prometheus Books. He is a former senior systems analyst at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory on the “Star Wars” program and is a recognized expert and pioneer in computer-based multimedia systems who helped develop Apple Computer’s revolutionary HyperCard software — the ancestor to the Internet software Browser. He can be reached at 16625 Redmond Way #254, Redmond, WA 98052.

Karen Stollznow

Karen Stollznow's photo

Karen Stollznow is an author and skeptical investigator with a doctorate in linguistics and a background in history and anthropology. She is an associate researcher at the University of California, Berkeley, and a director of the San Francisco Bay Area Skeptics. A prolific skeptical writer for many sites and publications, she is the “Good Word” Web columnist for the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry, the “Bad Language” columnist for Skeptic magazine, a frequent contributor to Skeptical Inquirer, and managing editor of CSI’s Scientific Review of Mental Health Practice. Dr. Stollznow is a host of the Monster Talk podcast and writer for the Skepbitch and Skepchick blogs, as well as for the James Randi Educational Foundation’s Swift. She can be reached via email at kstollznow[at]

Karla McLaren

Karla McLaren has been a member of the metaphysical/New Age culture for thirty-two years. She has authored nine titles in the genre, including Emotional Genius, Energetic Boundaries, and Your Aura & Your Chakras: The Owner’s Manual. She is now deconstructing her career, and is returning to (real) college to get her (real) Master’s in Sociology and Behavioral Sciences. She is currently co-writing a book on bridging the skeptical and New Age cultures.

Katharine Merow

Katharine Merow graduated from Swarthmore College with a degree in mathematics and linguistics.

Kat Meltzer

Kavin Senapathy

Kavin Senapathy's photo

Kavin is an author and public speaker covering science, health, medicine, agriculture, food, parenting and their intersection. Her work appears regularly at Forbes, SELF Magazine, Slate, and more. Her chapter in the recent MIT Press book “Pseudoscience” is entitled “Swaying Pseudoscience - The Inoculation Effect.” When she’s not writing and tweeting, she’s busy being a “Science Mom”—also the name of a recent documentary film in which she’s featured—to a 7-year-old and 5-year-old.

Keay Davidson

Keay Davidson is a science reporter for the San Francisco Examiner. He is also a recipient of CSICOP's Responsibility in Journalism Award. This article is excerpted from Carl Sagan: A Life. Copyright ©1999 by Keay Davidson. Excerpted with permission of the publisher John Wiley & Sons, Inc. This book is available at all bookstores, online booksellers, and from the Wiley Web site.

Keith Taylor

Keith Taylor is a former president and current program chair of the San Diego Association for Rational Inquiry and lives in Chula Vista, California.

Kendrick Frazier

Kendrick Frazier's photo

Kendrick Frazier is editor of the Skeptical Inquirer and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He is editor of several anthologies, including Science Under Siege: Defending Science, Exposing Pseudoscience.

Kenneth Nichols

Kenneth Nichols is a fiction writer in the creative writing MFA program at Ohio State University and teaches in the English Department.

Kenneth W. Krause

Kenneth W. Krause is a contributing editor, books editor, and "The Good Book" columnist for the Humanist and a contributing editor and columnist for the Skeptical Inquirer.

Kenneth L. Feder

Kenneth L. Feder's photo

Kenneth L. Feder is author of The Encyclopedia of Dubious Archaeology and Frauds, Myths, and Mysteries: Science and Pseudoscience in Archaeology. He is professor of anthropology at Central Connecticut State University and a Committee for Skeptical Inquiry fellow and Skeptical Inquirer consulting editor.

Kenny Biddle

Kenny Biddle's photo

Kenny Biddle is a science enthusiast who investigates claims of paranormal experiences, equipment, photos, and video. He promotes science, critical thinking, and skepticism through his blog I Am Kenny Biddle. He frequently hosts workshops on how to deconstruct and explain paranormal photography. Email –

Kentaro Mori

Kentaro Mori's photo

Kentaro Mori is a Brazilian skeptic with his own website, Forgetomori.

Kevin Christopher

Kevin Christopher was, at the time of this writing, public relations director for the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal

Kimball C. Atwood

Kimball C. Atwood IV, M.D. is an anesthesiologist at the Newton-Wellesley Hospital in Newton, Massachusetts. He is Assistant Clinical Professor at the Tufts University School of Medicine and Contributing Editor of the Scientific Review of Alternative Medicine. E-mail:

Kim Stewart

Kingston A. George

Physicist/Engineer Kingston A. George accepted an Air Force civil service position as an operations analyst in 1961 at Vandenberg AFB and retired in 1990 as chief of safety in Santa Maria, California. He worked on a wide variety of optical, radar, and telemetry tracking systems during his tenure and was a nationally recognized expert on such systems, continuing as a consultant until recently.

Barbara Mervine

Barbara Mervine runs the blog and is author of skeptic children’s books for pre­schoolers, including Fairy Tales, Fairly Told (available at She also lectures on the fun and challenges of working with everyone from alien abductees to Bigfoot hunters.

Klaus Schmeh

Konrad Talmont-Kaminski

Konrad Talmont-Kaminski is a fellow of the Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research, Vienna, Austria, and assistant professor at the Institute of Philosophy in the Marie Curie-Sklodowska University, Lublin, Poland. He has worked on developing naturalist approaches in epistemology, philosophy of science, and philosophy of language. His research has focused on various aspects of a naturalized account of rationality, and it is this context that is examining superstition as a natural phenomenon.

Kyle Polich

Kyle Polich is a data science consultant and founder of, which explores the skeptical perspective on machine learning, artificial intelligence, statistics, and all things data related.

Kyle Hill

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Kyle Hill is a science writer who specializes in finding the secret science in your favorite fandom. He writes for the Scientific American Blog Network at his blog, But Not Simpler. Hill also contributes to Slate, Wired, Nature Education, Popular Science, and io9. He manages Nature Education's Student Voices blog, is a contributor to Al Jazeera America’s science show TechKnow, and you can follow him on Twitter under @Sci_Phile.

Kylie Sturgess

Kylie Sturgess is the host of the Token Skeptic podcast and regularly writes editorial for numerous publications and the Token Skeptic blog. She was the co-host for the Global Atheist Convention in 2010 and 2012. An award-winning Philosophy teacher, Kylie has lectured on teaching critical thinking and anomalistic beliefs worldwide. In 2011 she was presented with the Secular Student Alliance Best Individual Activist Award and presented at the World Skeptics Congress 2012.

LaRae Meadows

LaRae Meadows is bent on investigating important topics, contorting herself to discover new views, and sharing her discoveries. Her dangerous lack of self-preservation makes writing on controversial topics fun for her. She has a background in legislative and policy advocacy for foster children in California and owns a small business.

Larry Barrieau

Larry Kusche

Larry Kusche is the author The Bermuda Triangle Mystery—Solved (1975) and The Disappearance of Flight 19 (1980). The books set high standards for investigative research and reporting on popular subjects. They demonstrate the need for critical thinking and being a skeptic. He has been a commercial pilot/flight instructor and a technical writer, and he was a founding CSICOP fellow. His first novel, Return to Marble Canyon, will soon be published. He has lived in the Phoenix area since the second grade (1947).

Larry Weinstein

Lawrence M. Krauss

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Lawrence M. Krauss is Foundation Professor and director of the Origins Initiative at Arizona State University. He has published more than 200 scientific articles as well as a variety of general articles on physics and astronomy. Krauss has also authored several celebrated books, including Hiding in the Mirror: The Mysterious Allure of Extra Dimensions, from Plato to String Theory and Beyond and the best-selling The Physics of Star Trek. Krauss is the recipient of numerous awards, including the American Association for the Advancement of Science's 1999-2000 Award for the Public Understanding of Science and Technology, and the Julius Edgar Lilienfeld Prize of the American Physical Society. He was nominated for a Grammy award for his liner notes for a Telarc CD of music from Star Trek.

Lawrence Rifkin

Lawrence Rifkin is a physician and a writer, with publications in Free Inquiry, The Humanist, Contemporary Pediatrics, and the National Academy of Sciences. He was the grand prize winner of the Doctors’ Writing Contest sponsored by Medical Economics.

Lawrence S. Lerner

Lawrence S. Lerner is Professor Emeritus, College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, California State University, Long Beach.

Lauren Becker

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Lauren Becker, Director of Marketing at the Center for Inquiry, is a science and nature interpreter who has taught at museums, parks, and planetariums around the country. Known for her commentaries on Point of Inquiry, the Center for Inquiry’s radio-show style podcast, she is an experienced environmental activist and advocate for science literacy and education.

Lee Moller

Lee Moller, a software developer, helped to co-found B.C. Skeptics with Barry and Dale Beyerstein in 1987 and serves as the editor of its newsletter, The Rational Enquirer.

Lee M. Silver

Lee M. Silver is professor of molecular biology and public affairs at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public Affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544-1013. He is author of Challenging Nature: The Clash of Science and Spirituality at the New Frontiers of Life. (Ecco/HarperCollins 2006) and Remaking Eden: How Genetic Engineering and Cloning Will Transform the American Family, published in sixteen languages. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Lee Nisbet

Lee Nisbet is Professor of Philosophy at Medaille College (Buffalo, New York). He is both a founding member and Fellow of CSI and has published in a wide variety of professional journals and popular magazines. He has edited two volumes on the gun control debate (1990, 2001) presenting the best research on both sides along with suggesting strategies of evaluation. He is presently working on a volume dealing with the sex-differences debate.

Leo Igwe

Leo Igwe is the founder of the Nigerian Humanist Movement and currently a research fellow at Bayreuth International Graduate School of African Studies, University of Bayreuth, Germany.

Leon Korteweg

Leon Korteweg (1990) has studied history in Nijmegen. He is teamleader of the Dutch language team of Guerrilla Skepticism on Wikipedia, and also works for the skeptical podcast Kritisch Denken (Critical Thinking) of Russells Theepot. He specializes in religion (including creationism), nationalism, pseudohistory, and argumentation theory.

Lewis Jones

Lewis Jones is a science writer in the U.K.

Lionel Tiger

Lionel Tiger is the Charles Darwin Professor of Anthropology at Rutgers University. His books include The Imperial Animal (with Robin Fox), The Decline of Males, The Pursuit of Pleasure, and The Apes of New York. Since the mid-1960s he has been deeply involved in bridging the gap between the natural and social sciences. This article is based on The Bradley Lecture to the American Enterprise Institute, Washington, D.C.

Lisa Zunshine

Lisa Zunshine is an associate professor of English at the University of Kentucky where she specializes in restoration and eighteenth-century British Literature and cognitive cultural studies. She is the author of Why We Read Fiction: Theory of Mind and the Novel (Columbus: The Ohio State University Press, 2006) and the editor of Introduction to Cognitive Studies (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, forthcoming).

Loren Pankratz

Loren Pankratz is a Clinical Professor in the Department of Psychiatry, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, Oregon.

Loren Collins

Loren Collins is an attorney in Atlanta, Georgia, and the author of Bullspotting: Finding Facts in the Age of Misinformation, published by Prometheus Books in 2012. His debunking of Joel Gilbert’s Dreams From My Real Father, which was referenced by President Obama’s own website, can be found at

Lorne Trottier

Lorne Trottier is a co-founder of Matrox, a company known for its specialized computer graphics and imaging products. He holds an M.Eng. degree in electrical engineering from McGill University and an honorary science doctorate from the same university. Trottier is a member of the board of a number of science outreach organizations, including the Montreal Science Center and the NCSE.

Lukas Dion Pradityo

Lukas Dion Pradityo is a skeptic from Jakarta, Indonesia. He was born in Yogyakarta, Indonesia but spent his childhood in Tuscon, Arizona. After returning to Indonesia, he obtained his bachelor degree in Psychology at the University of Gadjah Mada. He is currently an HR Supervisor at an Indonesian auto company and one of his hobbies is being an amateur paranormal investigator in Indonesia. He has done two investigations so far since April 2010 under the supervision and guidance IIG/CFI/SI. The first experiment was a no-show, but the second one was considered a “success”.

Luc Bonneux

Luc Bonneux has been associate professor in public health at the Utrecht Medical Centrum (the Netherlands). A medical doctor and scientist, financially supported by the people, he says he has a duty to protect the public from quacks and frauds. However, he joined the Belgian skeptics (SKEPP) for aesthetic reasons. “In our short journey through Deep Time, understanding makes the trip more beautiful and more enjoyable.”

Luigi Garlaschelli

Luis Alfonso Gámez

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Luis Alfonso Gámez es periodista, consultor del CSI, miembro del Círculo Escéptico, y autor del libro El peligro de creer (2015) y del blog magonia. Trabaja en el diario español El Correo.

Lynn McCutcheon

Lynn McCutcheon taught psychology full-time for 23 years and currently teaches as an adjunct at Florida Southern College. Home address: 240 Harbor Drive, Winter Garden, FL 34787.

Lys Ann Shore

Maarten Boudry

Manuel A. Paz y Miño

Manuel A. Paz y Miño is Director of the Peruvian Center for Investigation of Paranormal Claims, Pseudo-Sciences and Irrationality (CIPSI-PERU), and the Center for Inquiry in Lima, Peru.

Martin Bridgstock

Martin Bridgstock is a senior lecturer in the School of Biomolecular and Physical Sciences at Griffith University, Queensland, Australia. He is a scientific and technical consultant to CSI and in 2006 was awarded the Australian Skeptics’ prize for critical thinking.

Mario Bunge

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Mario Bunge is a laureate of the International Academy of Humanism and a professor of philosophy at McGill University, Montreal. He is the author of fifty books and five hundred papers on physics and philosophy, among them Foundations of Physics (1967) and Treatise on Basic Philosophy (in eight volumes, 1974–1989).

Mario Mendez-Acosta

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Mario Mendez-Acosta Born in México City in 1946. Science Writer, Journalist and Civil Engineer. Head of the Mexican Skeptical Research Society. Writes the skeptical Science column for ”Ciencia y Desarrollo” (Science and Development), journal of the Mexican government science agency. Conductor of “Public Library” a Science radio program of Radio Red AM radio station in Mexico City. Member of the editiorial board of Pensar, CSICOP’s skeptical Spanish language magazine. Author of several books on Science and Skepticism. Head of Journanlists’ Club of Mexico City.

Mark Benecke

Mark Benecke, Ph.D., is a forensic biologist and criminalist and a scientific consultant for the GWUP and the Skeptiker magazine.

Mark Boslough

Mark Boslough is a physicist at Sandia National Laboratories and adjunct professor at the University of New Mexico. His work on comet and asteroid impacts has been the subject of many recent TV documentaries and magazine articles. He believes that the impact risk—at its core—is primarily a climate-change risk, and he has turned his attention to climate change as a looming national security threat. The opinions expressed here are his own.

Mark Durm

Mark Edward

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Mark Edward is a professional mentalist who specializes in magic of the mind. His book "Psychic Blues" cracked open the crystal ball on the psychic business and has been described by Mark Oppenheimer at The New York Times Review of Books: "Mr. Edward is staking his claim to belong to a very special subcategory of magicians and mediums: those who both perform their crafts and debunk them. From Harry Houdini to James (the Amazing) Randi and the duo of Penn and Teller, there is a long tradition of magicians who believe that it is their duty to inculcate skepticism in the audience." Mark is recognized for his television work as both primary consultant and on-air performer most recently in episodes of "Weird or What?," "Brain Games," "Nancy Grace." "ITV This Morning" and "Inside Edition." In addition to working with Inside Edition's Lisa Guerrero in 2012 to expose "Long Island Medium" Theresa Caputo, he recently completed another "Inside Edition" assigment with Guerrero on how psychics can easily convince us they are "reading minds" and be so accurate airing in April, 2016.

Mark Moldwin

Mark Neunder

Mark Neunder is an associate professor of philosophy at Miami Dade College in Miami, Florida.

Mark Newbrook

Mark Newbrook studied classics at Oxford and linguistics at Reading, taking his Ph.D. there in 1982. He has worked as a lecturer and researcher in linguistics in Singapore, Hong Kong, Perth (Western Australia), and Melbourne, and for several years has been the linguistics consultant to Australian Skeptics.

Mark Perakh

Mark Perakh is professor of physics, emeritus at California State University Fullerton. He has authored nearly 300 papers in various fields of physics and electrochemistry, as well as several books; he holds a number of patents and is a recipient of several prizes and awards for his research, including one from the royal society of London for the discovery and study of photodeposition of semiconductors. His latest book, devoted to the dispute between genuine science and fallacious theories like Intelligent Design, Irreducible Complexity, and the like, has been accepted for publication by Prometheus Books.

Mark Aaron Alsip

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Mark Aaron Alsip writes the skeptical science blog Bad Science Debunked ( He has a bachelor’s degree in computer science with concentrations in math, life sciences, and electronics. His past work includes programming for the IDEX II project currently on display at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C.

Mark Alford

Mark Alford is chairman of the Physics Department at Washington University in St. Louis.

Martin Gardner

Martin Gardner is author of more than seventy books, most recently The Jinn from Hyperspace and When You Were a Tadpole and I was a Fish, and Other Speculations About This and That.

Martin Kottmeyer

Martin Kottmeyer lives in Carlyle, Illinois.

Martin Mahner

Martin Mahner is Executive Director of the Center for Inquiry-Europe in Rossdorf, Germany.

Martin Rundkvist

Massimo Pigliucci

Massimo Pigliucci is professor of philosophy at the City University of New York–Lehman College, a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and author of Nonsense on Stilts: How to Tell Science from Bunk. His essays can be found at

Massimo Polidoro

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Massimo Polidoro is an investigator of the paranormal, author, lecturer, and co-founder and head of CICAP, the Italian skeptics group. His website is at

Matan Shelomi

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Matan Shelomi, PhD, is a research fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, studying horizontal gene transfer in insects. He is also a top writer on, which you can follow for skeptical answers to biological questions and plenty of amazing entomological facts.

Matt Crowley

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Matt Crowley is a retired pharmacist who lives in Seattle. A stint as a sideshow performer in the early 1990s led to his creation of a stunt later known as the “condom challenge.”

Matthew A. Kacar Jr.

Matthew A. Kacar Jr. is the producer and host of the Artist Connection Podcast. He conducts long-form audio interviews with artists from all walks of life. He can be found at

Matt Lowry

Matt Lowry is a high school physics teacher (and part-time physics and astronomy college professor) with a strong interest in promoting science education and critical thinking among his students and the population in general.

Matt Nisbet

Matthew Nisbet is Associate Professor of Communication at Northeastern University and a CSI technical consultant.

Matt Young

Matt Young is Senior Lecturer in Physics at the Colorado School of Mines and, most recently, coeditor of Why Intelligent Design Fails: A Scientific Critique of the New Creationism.

Max Fagin

Max Fagin is a high school senior in Colorado Springs, Colorado. He debates paranormalists whenever possible.

Michael Brass

Michael Brass has degrees in archaeology and history and is owner and designer of The Antiquity of Man Web site at He is also a contributor to the anti- pseudoscience Web site In the Hall of Ma'at: Weighing the Evidence for Alternative History at

Michael De Dora

Michael Dennett

Michael Dennett, who headed the Seattle area skeptics group Society for Sensible Explanations for over two decades, died May 2, 2009; he was fifty-nine years old. He had been diagnosed with leukemia and hospitalized for several months.

Mike was an investigative writer perhaps best known to Skeptical Inquirer readers for his research into Bigfoot, on which his first feature-length article was published in 1981. He was one of the first skeptical investigators to challenge Bigfoot claims, doing research into claims of dermal ridges (“Bigfoot fingerprints”) and hoaxed tracks. He was a meticulous researcher, a careful investigator, and a true skeptic who called out fakery and pseudoscience when he saw it but was careful not to belittle or criticize people for their beliefs.

Dennett’s research went far beyond Bigfoot, and he wrote about topics as varied as fire-walking, the Bermuda Triangle, UFOs, the Salem witch trials, and psychics. He also contributed to Psychic Sleuths, The Encyclopedia of the Paranormal, The Outer Edge, and other books. Born June 20, 1949, Mike was a 1971 graduate of Norwich University and a former Army Captain, paratrooper, and Ranger. Though his day job was selling municipal water systems, his academic loves were history, skepticism, and writing alternative-history science fiction. He is survived by his wife, Lois. His final article, “Science and Footprints” (about contradictions in accounts of the 1967 Patterson/Gimlin film, the “best evidence” for Bigfoot), was published in the November/December 2008 Skeptical Inquirer.

Michael De Robertis

Michael De Robertis is a professor of physics and astronomy at York University and one of four faculty members who led the opposition against affiliation with CMCC. He is also a member of The Ontario Skeptics. Mailing address: Department of Physics & Astronomy, York University, 4700 Keele St. Toronto, ON Canada M3J 1P3

Michael Friedlander

Michael Fumento

Michael Fumento, a former Army paratrooper, is a senior fellow at the Hudson Institute, and the author of Science Under Siege and The Myth of Heterosexual AIDS.

Michael Ruse

Michael Ruse is the Lucyle T. Werkmeister Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Program in the History and Philosophy of Science, Department of Philosophy, at Florida State University in Tallahassee, Florida. His most recent book is Darwinism and Its Discontents (Cambridge University Press, 2006).

Michel Naud

Michel Naud is the president of l'Association française pour l'information scientifique (AFIS).

Mick West

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Mick West is a writer, investigator, and debunker who enjoys looking into the evidence behind conspiracy theories and strange phenomena and then explaining what is actually going on. He runs the Metabunk forum and is the author of the book "Escaping the Rabbit Hole".

Miguel A. Sabadell

Miguel A. Sabadell is an astrophysicist and associate professor at the University of Zaragoza, 500009 Zaragoza, Spain.

Mike Brown

Mike Brown is news editor for the Rockdale Reporter, a community newspaper fifty miles from Austin, Texas.

Mike Reiss

Mike Reiss co-conceived and produced The Simpsons television episode “The Springfield Files” (The Simpsons meet the X-Files) described in the September/October 1997 Skeptical Inquirer. He lives in Los Angeles.

Mike R. Powell

Mike R. Powell, P.E., is a chemical engineer for a research and development laboratory in Richland, Washington.

Milton Rothman

Milton Rothman is a physicist from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Monty Vierra

Monty Vierra teaches English in Taiwan.

Morton E. Tavel

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Morton E. Tavel, MD, Clinical Professor Emeritus, Indiana University School of Medicine, is a physician specialist in internal medicine and cardiovascular disease. He is author of Snake Oil Is Alive and Well: The Clash Between Myths and Reality (2012) and Health Tips, Myths and Tricks: A Physician’s Advice (2015). He wrote “Bias in Reporting of Medical Research: How Dangerous Is It?” in our May/June 2015 issue. His website is located at

Nancy Shelton

Nancy Shelton is a freelance writer/editor who retired recently from the Defense Nuclear Agency and is a member of New Mexicans for Science and Reason. Address: 11617 Snowheights Blvd. NE, Albuquerque, NM 87112-3157.

Nathan Bupp

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Nathan Bupp is a former vice president of communications for the Center for Inquiry and a previous associate editor of Free Inquiry magazine. He has studied intellectual history and naturalistic and humanist philosophy extensively. He considers humanism and skepticism the preeminent moral paradigm for the modern world. Among his philosophical heroes are Aristotle, Spinoza, John Dewey, and George Santayana, the leading luminaries of the naturalist worldview. Nathan spends his free time indulging his passion for music and nature.

Neil deGrasse Tyson

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Neil deGrasse Tyson, coauthor of the just-released Welcome to the Universe: An Astrophysical Tour (Princeton University Press), is an astrophysicist with the American Museum of Natural History. His radio show StarTalk, now in its second season with National Geographic Channel, became the first ever science-based talk show on television. He is a CSI fellow. This article is adapted by the author from the Huffington Post, November 21, 2015.

Nica Lalli

Nica Lalli is the author of Nothing: Something to Believe In. Visit her website at

Nicholas S. Molinari

Nicholas Humphrey

Nicholas Humphrey is professor of psychology at the Graduate Faculty of New School University, New York, and Senior Research Fellow in the Centre for Philosophy of the Natural and Social Sciences, London School of Economics.

Nicoli Nattrass

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Nicoli Nattrass is director of the AIDS and Society Research Unit at the University of Cape Town and visiting professor at Yale University. Her earlier research helped change South African AIDS policy and her new book, The AIDS Conspiracy: Science Fights Back (Columbia University Press, 2012), considers the link between AIDS denialism, conspiracy theory, and the rejection of evidence-based medicine.

Nigel Bark

Nigel Bark, MD, is associate professor of clinical psychiatry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine; supervising psychiatrist, Bronx Psychiatric Center, Bronx, New York; and trustee, American Council on Science and Health.

Nicholas Little

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Nick Little is the Legal Director of the Center for Inquiry, based out of Washington, D.C. After his education at Oxford University and the University of Warwick in the U.K., Nick moved to the United States and received a law degree from Vanderbilt University. He joined the firm of Howrey, LLP and litigated national and international antitrust matters, as well as a series of pro bono engagements. Nick successfully represented an apostate from the Middle East, who faced deportation to and execution in his native Sudan for the crime of converting away from Islam, winning him asylum in the United States. He also worked with mentally ill New Yorkers to ensure adequate provision of state resources enabling patients to leave institutions and safely and productively live in the community; represented hearing disabled citizens in their efforts to ensure local hospitals provided sign language interpreters as required by the Americans With Disabilities Act; and represented individuals in complaints of malpractice against the D.C. Metropolitan Police. When his firm closed, Nick moved to the non-profit sector and accepted a position with CFI. Aside from internal legal work for CFI, Nick has filed amicus briefs in the Hobby Lobby Supreme Court case and the Seventh Circuit challenge to unfair tax breaks given to housing allowances paid to religious ministers. Nick is always seeking cases in which CFI can involve itself, either as an amicus in an existing matter, or directly representing a plaintiff.

Noah Nez

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Noah Nez is a Native American skeptic living in Arizona; he is a member of the Phoenix Area Skeptics Society (PASS) and author of Native Skeptic, a blog that looks at critical thinking from a Native American perspective.

Omar Meriwani

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Omar Meriwani: Scientific skeptic writer, main editor and one of the founders of, the first Arabic scientific skeptical website and magazine, editor of hundreds of scientific / skeptic Articles in Arabic language.

Owen Hammer

Owen Hammer is a filmmaker living in Hollywood who works with the IIG to investigate psychics, UFOs, state-sponsored pseudo-medicine (a real concern in California), and other scams that will not be exposed if grassroots skeptical organizations don't do it.

P.A. Hancock

Peter Hancock is Provost Distinguished Research Professor in the Department of Psychology, the Institute for Simulation and Training, and at the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Central Florida.

Pascal Boyer

Pascal Boyer is the Henry Luce Professor at Washington University, St. Louis, and author of Religion Explained (Basic Books). He does experimental and anthropological research on the transmission of cultural knowledge.

Pat Harrigan

Pat Leonard

Pat Leonard is a long-time skeptic and private investigator now living in Massachusetts.

Pat Reeder

Patrick Johnson

Patrick Johnson is a biology instructor at Washtenaw Community College in southeast Michigan and a clinical exercise physiologist who writes frequently about health, nutrition, and fitness claims. He lives with his wife and his eight-year-old son. E-mail: johnsonp

Patrick Lacy

Patrick Lacy is an Elvis Presley researcher and the author of Elvis Decoded—A Fan’s Guide to Deciphering the Myths and Misinformation. In addition to his never-ending research, he also has consulted on various Elvis projects and continues to work diligently in debunking the “Elvis is alive” myths.

Paul Barber

Paul Barber is a research associate with the Fowler Museum of Cultural History, University of California, Los Angeles 90024-1549, and author of Vampires, Burial, and Death: Folklore and Reality.

Paul DesOrmeaux

Skeptical satirist Paul “Pablo” DesOrmeaux has written a variety of humorous pieces for a number of skeptical publications. He’s also a regular contributor to the Skeptical Inquirer’s “The Last Laugh.” He believes that if we don’t make room for humor and satire in skepticism, our impact will always be restrained, limited, and unintelligently designed.

Paul Kurtz

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Professor Paul Kurtz is the founder of the Center for Inquiry, CFI's former chairman, the former Editor-in-Chief of Free Inquiry magazine, and professor emeritus of philosophy at the State University of New York at Buffalo. Kurtz has spent much of his life on the critical examination of religion, but believes that naturalists need to emphasize and build positive alternatives to religion. For Kurtz, it is not enough to reject God, but to affirm the positive implications of the secular humanist perspective.

Paul Quincey

Paul Quincey is a physicist at the National Physical Laboratory, Hampton Road, Teddington, Middlesex, TW11 0LW, United Kingdom.

Paul McCaffrey

Paul McCaffrey is founder and coordinator of Ghost Hunters Wollongong (GHW).

Penny Higgins

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Dr. Pennilyn (Penny) Higgins is a Research Associate in the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at the University of Rochester. Most of her research revolves around studying the chemistry of fossil mammal teeth to learn about the environments in which the animals lived and what they might have been eating while living there. She is particularly interested in episodes of rapid climate change in the geologic record. In addition to doing research and managing a geochemistry laboratory, Penny also teaches courses in introductory geology and paleontology at the University of Rochester. When she's not in the office or laboratory, Penny can be spotted writing fiction, practicing the western martial arts, or just screwing around on Twitter.

Peter Barglow

Peter Barglow, MD, is a psychiatrist who has taught at Northwestern, University of Chicago, and University of California at Davis medical schools. Currently he is a Clinical Professor of Medicine and Psychiatry at UC Davis. He treated active duty military personnel while in the U.S. Navy and veterans through the VA Northern California Health Care System. Email:

Peter Huston

Peter Huston was very active in organized skepticism in the 1990s contributing many articles and reviews to the Skeptical Inquirer and other publications, as well as serving as an officer of the Inquiring Skeptics of Upper New York during that period. He is the author of four books. Two of these, Scams from the Great Beyond and More Scams from the Great Beyond, dealt with skeptical subjects using humor. His other books are Tongs, Gangs, and Triads—Chinese Crime Groups in North America, and Excess Emotional Baggage—An Amazing, Semi-true, post-industrial, pulp-fiction, adventure tale of Schenectady, a novel. He has a master's degree in East Asian Studies from Cornell and a second masters from the University at Albany in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages. His Cornell Master's thesis focused on the Peking Man paleontological digs and the history of Western science in China.

Peter Lamal

Peter Lamal is emeritus professor of psychology at the University of North Carolina– Charlotte and a fellow of the division of behavior analysis of the American Psychological Association.

Peter Olofsson

Peter Olofsson, whose PhD is in mathematical statistics from Göteborg University in Sweden, is a visiting associate professor in the Department of Mathematics at Tulane University. He has done research in mathematical biology and published two books: one textbook in probability and statistics and one new popular-science book, Probabilities: The Little Numbers that Rule Our Lives.

Peter Schenkel

Peter Schenkel is a retired political scientist and author of many books, among them three on extraterrestrial intelligence: ETI: A Challenge for Change, The Message from Yon and Contact: Are We Ready For It? Schenkel is primarily interested in the question of what contact with advanced aliens would mean to mankind. He is a member of the Interplanetary Society and Chairman of the group Prociencia in Ecuador.

Peter J. Marston

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Peter J. Marston is a professor of communication studies at California State University, Northridge.

Philip J. Senter

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Philip J. Senter is a vertebrate paleontologist with a specialty in dinosaur paleobiology. He earned a PhD in Biological Sciences from Northern Illinois University in 2003 and teaches biology courses at Fayetteville State University in North Carolina. He has published more than sixty articles on dinosaur paleontology, reptile biology, and the creation-evolution debate. He can be contacted at

Philip Howard

Philip J. Klass

Phil Klass was a UFO researcher with a background in electrical engineering. He was author of seven books on UFOs, including UFOs Explained and UFO Abductions: A Dangerous Game. He was also editor of the SUN newsletter, a UFO-related publication.

Phillips Stevens, Jr.

Phillips Stevens, Jr., is in the Department of Anthropology, SUNY at Buffalo, NY 14261; e-mail

Phil Molé

Phil Plait

Philip Plait, Ph.D., is a renowned astronomer with more than two decades of professional research and education experience. He has written articles for such magazines as Astronomy and Sky and Telescope, as well as national and international newspapers. He has appeared on national television news and documentaries many times, including the Sci-Fi Channel's Countdown to Doomsday and National Geographic's Is It Real? His Web site, Bad Astronomy, has won numerous awards, such as Best Science Blog of 2007, and is read by millions of people every year.

Pierre Stromberg

Pierre Stromberg was involved in the organized skeptic community during the 1990s in Washington State when he created the “Pacific Northwest Skeptics” group. His participation included the intelligent design battle in Burlington involving Roger DeHart, the Coso Artifact investigation, setting the record straight on Lucy's knee joint, and examination of Bob Larson's exorcism seminars.

Po-Nien (Bob) Lu

Preston R. Bost

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Preston R. Bost, PhD, is professor of psychology and the director of institutional research at Wabash College.

Ragnar Levi

Ralph Estling

The late Ralph Estling (1930–2007) was a prolific writer, with many articles published in the British magazine New Scientist and the Skeptical Inquirer.

Ralph H. Lutts

Ralph H. Lutts is an historian and coordinator of a graduate concentration in environmental studies at Goddard College. He is author of The Nature Fakers: Wildlife, Science & Sentiment (2001) and editor of The Wild Animal Story (1998).

Ray Hyman

Ray Hyman is professor emeritus of psychology, University of Oregon.

Raymond A. Eve

Raymond A. Eve is professor of sociology at the University of Texas at Arlington.

Robert Blaskiewicz

Bob Blaskiewicz is Assistant Professor of Critical Thinking and First Year Studies at Stockton University, where he specializes in and teaches about World War II veterans’ writings, science and pseudoscience, extraordinary/paranormal claims and conspiracy theory. He is the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry’s “Conspiracy Guy” web columnist, a blogger at, a regular panelist on the live weekly web show The Virtual Skeptics (Wed 8PM Eastern), and contributes a monthly essay to the Skepticality podcast. He also works with an elite cadre of skeptical superheros on The OTHER Burzynski Patient Group website, The Houston Cancer Quack page, and the Skeptics for the Protection of Cancer Patients Facebook group.

Rebecca Watson

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Rebecca leads a team of skeptical female activists at and appears on the weekly Skeptics' Guide to the Universe podcast. She travels around the world delivering entertaining talks on science, atheism, feminism, and skepticism. There is currently an asteroid orbiting the sun with her name on it. You can follow her every fascinating move on Twitter or on Google+.

Reed Esau

Reynold Spector

Reynold Spector, MD has served as a professor of medicine (and pharmacology and/or biochemistry) at Iowa, Stanford, and Harvard-MIT. He is currently clinical professor of medicine at the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School (New Jersey) and is the author of almost 200 peer-reviewed scientific papers and one textbook. His award-winning work has concerned itself principally with vitamin function, transport, and homeostasis in the central nervous system, the effect of food on the function of the kidneys, and the treatment of the poisoned patient. Dr. Spector also served as executive vice president in charge of drug development at Merck from 1987 to 1999, where he oversaw the introduction of fifteen new drugs and vaccines.

R.G. Weyant

Richard Carrier

Richard Carrier is a doctoral student and graduate student instructor in ancient history at Columbia University.

Richard Dawkins

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Richard Dawkins, F.R.S., is a renowned evolutionary biologist and emeritus professor of the Public Understanding of Science at Oxford. He is a senior editor and columnist for Free Inquiry. His latest book is The Greatest Show on Earth (Ballantine, 2009).

Richard G. Judelsohn

Richard G. Judelsohn, MD, is Clinical Associate Professor, School of Medicine, University at Buffalo, and Medical Director, Erie County Department of Health.

Richard Joltes

Richard Joltes has been researching urban legends, folklore, and other topics of interest to skeptics for over a decade. His background includes academic study in the areas of history, folklore, archaeology, computer science, physics, and chemistry, and he has published articles on the Web as well as in various newsletters and journals.

Richard M. Fisher

Richard M. Fisher, Ph.D., LLB, is a scientist and lawyer. He teaches at International Pacific College in Palmerston North, New Zealand. E-mail:

Richard Petraitis

Richard Petraitis is a licensed private detective and security practitioner in Illinois and a member of both the Rational Examination Association of Lincoln Land (REALL) and the Center for Inquiry (CFI), Chicago, here he is a lead investigator for the Skeptics Team. He teaches a course titled "Investigating the Paranormal" at the College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, Illinois.

Richard Wiseman

Richard Wiseman is Professor of the Public Understanding of Psychology at the University of Hertfordshire in the U.K. He is a fellow of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry and a Skeptical Inquirer consulting editor. For more information about his work, visit

Richard E. Wackrow

Richard E. Wackrow is the author of the book Who’s Winning the War on Terror.

Rick Wood

Audiomartini is a radio interview show, hosted by Rick Wood, that deals with claims of the paranormal from a sceptic’s point of view. For the past five years Rick has produced the show on WEBR radio in the Washington, D.C., area. Audiomartini can now be heard in the United Kingdom at and on Net Talk UK.

Rick has debunked Holocaust deniers, phony mediums, and others who make spurious claims in the field of paranormal research. His shows have also addressed pressing social and political topics. Recent guests have included Rep. Bob Filner (D-51-CA), the only historian of science in the U.S. Congress; science journalist Chris Mooney, author of The Republican War on Science; Michael Shermer, executive director of the Skeptic Society; and Joe Nickell, lead investigator for CSICOP.

Audiomartini is broadcast Thursday evenings at midnight EST on WEBR radio and is available on demand at the Audiomartini web site.

Roald Hoffman

Rob Lea

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Rob Lea is a member of the Association of British Science Writers, studying physics, mathematics and contemporary science. As well as producing articles covering subjects as diverse as quantum physics, cosmology, medical science and the environment, Rob writes the Null Hypothesis blog, examining pseudoscience and poor science reporting in the news media.

Rob Palmer

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Rob Palmer is a former mechanical aerospace engineer (spacecraft designer), turned software engineer (programmer), turned software systems engineer (too complex to explain here). Nearing retirement, he has finally found his true calling as a skeptical activist with the Guerrilla Skeptics team.

Rob can be contacted at

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Rob Beeston

Rob Beeston is the Director of the Central Iowa Skeptics and webmaster of

Rob Boston

Rob Boston is a writer, editor, and senior policy analyst at Americans United for Separation of Church and State in Washington, D.C.

Robert Ashton

Robert Ashton has recently retired from a business career in law and human resources. He is now a consultant, actor, and writer living in St. Louis.

Robert Baker

Robert A. Baker is professor of psychology emeritus, University of Kentucky, Lexington.

Robert E. Bartholomew

Robert Bartholomew teaches history at Botany Down Secondary College in Auckland, New Zealand. He is the author of The Untold History of Champ: A Social History of America’s Loch Ness Monster (December 2012) by SUNY Press. Email:

Robert Camp

Robert Camp is a freelance writer living in San Juan Capistrano, California. A selection of his work can be found at the Nightlight Blog.

Robert Carroll

Robert Carroll is co-chairman of the Philosophy Department at Sacramento City College in California and creator of the skeptical Web site and author of the book The Skeptic’s Dictionary. This article is based on his talk at the CSICOP conference on “Hoaxes, Myths, and Manias,” Albuquerque, New Mexico, Oct. 23—26, 2003.

Robert Epstein

Robert Epstein, PhD, is a former editor-in-cheif of Psychology Today, contributing editor for Scientific American Mind, and visiting scholar at the University of California San Diego.

Robert L. Park

Robert L. Park is in the Department of Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742.

Robert L. Wolke

Robert L. Wolke is professor emeritus of chemistry at the University of Pittsburgh and a food science columnist for the Washington Post. His latest books are What Einstein Told His Cook and What Einstein Told His Cook 2, The Sequel (both W.W. Norton).

Robert P. Crease

Robert Sheaffer

Robert Sheaffer's "Psychic Vibrations" column has appeared in the Skeptical Inquirer for the past thirty years. He is also author of UFO Sightings: The Evidence (Prometheus 1998). He blogs at

Robert Stanton

Robert Stanton is an associate professor of English emeritus who has taught at the University of Washington, Seattle (1956-82); Northwestern University (1953-1956); and universities in Japan, Taiwan, the Philippines, and Germany. He lives in Seattle.

Roger Hunter

Romeo Vitelli

Romeo Vitelli received his doctorate in psychology from York University in Toronto, Ontario, in 1987. He spent fifteen years as a staff psychologist at a maximum security prison run by the Ontario government and is now in full-time private practice and has been an avid blogger since 2007. His first book, The Everything Guide to Overcoming PTSD, was released in June 2014.

Ronald H. Pine

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Ronald H. Pine, Ph. D., is a Research Associate at the Field Museum, Chicago, and Permanent Visiting Scholar, Natural History Museum and Biodiversity Research Center, University of Kansas.

Ronald A. Lindsay

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Ron Lindsay is senior research fellow at the Center for Inquiry, having previously served as president and CEO from 2008 to 2016. Prior to joining CFI, he was in private legal practice in Washington, D.C. for twenty-six years. He received his Ph.D. in philosophy from Georgetown University and his J.D. from the University of Virginia School of Law. Among other works, he is the author of Future Bioethics: Overcoming Taboos, Myths, and Dogmas (Prometheus 2008), the entry on “Euthanasia” for the International Encyclopedia of Ethics (Wiley Blackwell 2013), and The Necessity of Secularism: Why God Can’t Tell Us What To Do (Pitchstone Publishing 2014).

Ron Watkins

Ron Watkins, who has master’s degrees in theology and education, taught high school English for fifteen years. His previous articles have appeared in Writing Award, Discovery, and Reminisce magazines and English Journal.

Rupert Sheldrake

Russ Dobler

Russ Dobler is a geophysicist, journalist, and board member of the New York City Skeptics. He edits a science and skepticism section for the pop culture website AiPT! Comics and would love to publish your work there. Russ can be found on Twitter @russdobler46.

Ryan Shaffer

Ryan Shaffer is a writer and historian. He has a PhD in history and is currently a postdoctoral fellow at the Institute for Global Studies at Stony Brook University in New York.

Sadri Hassani

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Sadri Hassani is professor emeritus of physics at Illinois State University and author of several books at graduate, undergraduate, and introductory levels. His blog at is devoted to exposing misconceptions and distortions of science by professional scientists. He wrote “‘Post-Materialist’ Science? A Smokescreen for Woo” in our September/October 2015 issue. Follow @SadriHassani on Twitter.

Sally Satel

Sally Satel is a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, a lecturer at Yale University School of Medicine, and a practicing psychiatrist. The author of PC, M.D., she holds an MD from Brown University. She lives in Washington, D.C.

Samuel Homola

Samuel Homola is a retired chiropractor. He is the author of fifteen books, including Inside Chiropractic (Prometheus, 1999) and A Chiropractor?s Self-Help Back and Body Book (Hunter House, 2002). This is his third article for Skeptical Inquirer.

Sara E. Mayhew

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Sara E. Mayhew is a writer and illustrator of manga graphic novels, a type of comic book that originated in Japan and was made popular by its animated counterpart, anime. She has been a TED Fellow and has won praise for her values of promoting science literacy and skeptical thinking through art. She has done many public appearances, including at the Center for Inquiry–Los Angeles. Her website is

Scott Aaron Stine

Scott Stine is a freelance writer and author of the forthcoming book The Gorehound’s Guide to Splatter Films. He is also the publisher of GICK!, an internationally distributed magazine devoted to horror, splatter, and exploitation films. His fiction (written under the pseudonym of “Reginald Bloom”) has been published in such publications as Lethologica, Raw Media Mags, and Touchstone NW. An earlier version of this article originally appeared in Painful Excursions Volume 1, Number 10, 1996.

Scott Teel

Scott O. Lilienfeld

Scott O. Lilienfeld is associate professor of psychology at Emory University and Editor of the Scientific Review of Mental Health Practice

Sean B. Carroll

Sebastian Dieguez

Sebastian Dieguez is a PhD student at the Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience of the Brain Mind Institute at Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland.

Seth Shostack

Seth Shostak is Senior Astronomer with the SETI Institute and host of Are We Alone?

Shankar Vedantam

Shankar Vedantam is a staff writer for the Washington Post.

Sharon Hill

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Sharon Hill is a scientific and technical consultant for the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry and creator of Read more at

Sid Deutsch

Sid Deutsch is a professor of engineering, retired from the Polytechnic University, Brooklyn, New York.

Simon A. Cole

Simon Cole is an associate professor of criminology, law, and society at the University of California, Irvine. He is the author of Suspect Identities: A History of Fingerprinting and Criminal Identification (Harvard University Press, 2001) and numerous articles about fingerprinting, and he has testified as an expert witness on the validity of fingerprint identification. He is member of the American Judicature Society's Commission on Forensic Science and Public Policy.

Simon Singh

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Simon Singh is a science writer in London and the co-author, with Edzard Ernst, of Trick or Treatment? Alternative Medicine on Trial. This is an edited version of an article published in The Guardian for which Singh is being personally sued for libel by the British Chiropractic Association.

Stanley Jeffers

Stanley Jeffers is in the Department of Physics and Astronomy, York University, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M6, Canada.

Stanley Rice

Stanley Rice is an associate professor of biology at Southeastern Oklahoma State University and author of the forthcoming Encyclopedia of Evolution, from Facts on File.

Stanley Stepanic

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Stanley Stepanic received his PhD in the fall of 2012 in Slavic Studies. His professional areas of interest include general demonology, Slavic demonology, folklore, and the Russian language. His personal interests include weightlifting, video game collecting, retro gaming, music, and vintage science-fiction paperback collecting. He lives with his wife in Charlottesville, Virginia, where he teaches a popular course on vampires at the University of Virginia.

Stefaan Blancke

Stefaan Blancke is a doctoral researcher in the department of philosophy and moral science, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Stefano Bigliardi

Stefano Bigliardi has served as a researcher and a lecturer at the Center for Middle Eastern Studies at Lund University (Sweden). He currently teaches philosophy at Monterrey Tech, Campus Santa Fe (Mexico City). He is the author of Islam and the Quest for Modern Science (Swedish Institute in Istanbul, 2014).

Stephanie Savage​

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Stephanie Savage’s first published work appeared in American Atheist Magazine. She has published many short stories, usually humorous and often fantastical, and she regularly writes about covert cognition in her recovery blog at She can be reached at

Stephen Barrett

Stephen Barrett, M.D., a retired psychiatrist, operates, dedicated to debunking dubious health information on the Web and elsewhere. He is also Vice President of the National Council Against Health Fraud, and a Fellow of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry.

Stephen Bertman

Stephen Bertman, PhD, is a professor emeritus of Languages, Literature and Cultures at Canada's University of Windsor. He is the editor of The Conflict of Generations in Ancient Greece and Rome and the author of Hyperculture: The Human Cost of Speed, Cultural Amnesia: America's Future and the Crisis of Memory, Erotic Love Poems of Greece and Rome, and most recently, The Eight Pillars of Greek Wisdom.

Stephen Flora

Stephen Ray Flora is a psychology professor and behavior analyst at Youngstown State University and author of Power of Reinforcement (SUNY Press 2004) and Taking America off Drugs: Why Behavioral Therapy is More Effective for Treating ADHD, OCD, Depression, and Other Psychological Problems (SUNY Press 2007).

Stephen Peterson

Stephen T. Asma

Stephen Asma is Distinguished Scholar of Humanities at Columbia College in Chicago. He is the author of several books including Stuffed Animals and Pickled Heads: The Culture and Evolution of Natural History Museums (Oxford 2003) and The Gods Drink Whiskey: Stumbling toward Enlightenment in the Land of the Tattered Buddha (HarperCollins 2006). He is currently burning in hell. Web site:

Steven Caldwell Brown

Steven Caldwell Brown is a psychologist and currently a teaching fellow in social psychology at the University of Edinburgh. His doctoral thesis was the first major body of work to examine psychological aspects of digital music piracy. He continues to research varied aspects of digital music culture as well as exploring psychological aspects of believing in conspiracy theories.

Steven Salzberg

Steven Doloff

Steven Doloff is a professor of English and Humanities at the Pratt Institute in New York City.

Steven Novella

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Steven Novella, MD, is an assistant professor of neurology at Yale University School of Medicine. He is the host of the Skeptics’ Guide to the Universe podcast, author of the NeuroLogica blog, executive editor of the Science-Based Medicine blog, and president of The New England Skeptical Society.

Steven Pinker

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Steven Pinker is Harvard College Professor and Johnstone Family Professor in the Department of Psychology at Harvard University. Until 2003, he taught in the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences at MIT. He conducts research on language and cognition, writes for publications such as the New York Times, Time, and The New Republic, and is the author of seven books, including The Language Instinct, How the Mind Works, Words and Rules, The Blank Slate, and most recently, The Stuff of Thought: Language as a Window into Human Nature.

Steve Cuno

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Steve Cuno is the president of RESPONSE Agency, Inc., in Salt Lake City. He is the author of Prove It Before You Promote It: How to Take the Guesswork Out of Advertising, and, just to mix things up, the as-told-to author of “It’s Not About the Sex” My Ass: Confessions of an Ex-Mormon, Ex-Polygamist, Ex-Wife by Joanne Hanks.

S.T. Lakshmikumar

S.T. Lakshmikumar is a scientist at National Physical Laboratory, India, with a doctorate from the Indian Institute of Science and thirty-five years of research experience in materials science. He has a passionate interest in communicating science to young students and the general public.

Stuart Jordan

Stuart Jordan, PhD, is the former Science Advisor to the Center for Inquiry Office of Public Policy.

Stuart McKelvie

Stuart Vyse

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Stuart Vyse is a psychologist and author of Believing in Magic: The Psychology of Superstition, which won the William James Book Award of the American Psychological Association. He is also author of Going Broke: Why American’s Can’t Hold on to Their Money. As an expert on irrational behavior, he is frequently quoted in the press and has made appearances on CNN International, the PBS NewsHour, and NPR’s Science Friday. He can be found on Twitter at @stuartvyse.

Susan Blackmore

Susan Blackmore is Reader in the Department of Psychology, University of the West of England, Bristol BS16 2JP.

Susan Bury

Susan Bury writes from Red Lodge, Montana

Susan Haack

Susan Haack is Professor of Philosophy and Visiting Professor of Law at the University of Miami. She is the national Phi Beta Kappa Romanell Professor of Philosophy for 1997-1998. Her publications include Deviant Logic, Fuzzy Logic: Beyond the Formalism (University of Chicago Press), Evidence and Inquiry: Towards Reconstruction in Epistemology (Blackwell), and Philosophy of Logics (Cambridge University Press), as well as numerous articles.

Susan Gerbic

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Affectionately called the Wikipediatrician, Susan Gerbic is the cofounder of Monterey County Skeptics and a self-proclaimed skeptical junkie. Susan is also founder of the Guerrilla Skepticism on Wikipedia (GSoW) project. She is a Fellow of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry, and writes for her column, Guerilla Skepticism, often. You can contact her through her website.

Tamar Wilner

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Tamar Wilner is a Dallas-based journalist, researcher, and communications graduate student, specializing in the study of misinformation and science communication. She's written and consulted for the Columbia Journalism Review,, and American Press Institute, and she co-created Post Facto, a game that teaches people how to fact check stories in their social media feeds. You can find her at and on Twitter at @tamarwilner.

Taner Edis

Taner Edis is an associate professor of physics at Truman State University. His latest book is An Illusion of Harmony: Science and Religion in Islam (Prometheus Books, 2007).

Ted Daniels

Ted Goertzel

Ted Goertzel is a professor of sociology, Sociology Department, Rutgers University, Camden, NJ 08102. E-mail:

Terence Hines

Terence Hines is professor of psychology at Pace University and author of Pseudoscience and the Paranormal. He is a Committee for Skeptical Inquiry Fellow.

Terry Smiljanich

Terry Smiljanich has been chairman of the Tampa Bay Skeptics for over fifteen years and is a trial attorney in Tampa, Florida.

The Editors

Theodore Schick Jr.

Theodore Schick Jr. is a professor of philosophy at Muhlenberg College, Allentown, PA 18104, and co-author (with Lewis Vaughn) of How To Think About Weird Things. He received his B.A. from Harvard University and his Ph.D. in philosophy from Brown University. He has published numerous articles on epistemology, philosophy of science, philosophy of mind, and ethics in such journals as Skeptic, International Philosophical Quarterly, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Idealistic Studies, Thought, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy, The Journal of Aesthetic Education, and Dialog.

Thomas G. Genoni Jr.

Tom Genoni is the CSICOP West Coast Bureau Chief at the Center for Inquiry—West in Los Angeles, California. He interviewed Art Bell by phone in March.

Thomas R. Casten

Thomas R. Casten is founder and chair of Recycled Energy Development, LLC, Westmont, Illinois, and author of Turning Off the Heat: Why America Must Double Energy Efficiency to Save Money and Reduce Global Warming (Prometheus Books, 1998). He is a Fellow of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry and a former member of its Executive Council, as well as a former member of the Center for Inquiry board.

Thomas Patterson

Thomas Patterson is currently a professor in the Clinical Laboratory Science Program at Texas State University where he teaches Clinical Research Methods, Molecular Diagnostics, Immunohematology, Immunology, and Clinical Laboratory Management. E-mail:

Tim Farley

Tim Farley is a software engineer and technical instructor in Atlanta, Georgia. He is the creator of the Web Site What's The Harm, which explores why believing in pseudoscience and the paranormal is harmful. He blogs at

Tim Madigan

Tim Madigan is president of the Western New York Skeptics, and a legend in his own mind.

Timothy E. Moore

Timothy E. Moore is in the Psychology Department, Glendon College, York University, 2275 Bayview Ave., Toronto, Ont. M4N 3M6.

Timothy Ferris

Timothy Ferris is emeritus professor of journalism at the University of California, Berkeley. His latest work, Seeing in the Dark, was named by The New York Times as one of the seven best books published in 2002.

Timothy H. Heaton

Tim Trachet

Tim Trachet is a member of the Belgian skeptics group SKEPP

Tom Callen

Tom Callen is Astronomer/Program Producer at Cosmonova, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden. E-mail:

Tom Flynn

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Tom Flynn is the Center for Inquiry’s vice president for media and director of Inquiry Media Productions. He is also executive director of the Council for Secular Humanism and editor of its flagship magazine, Free Inquiry. He designed and directs the Council's museum at the Dresden, N.Y., birthplace of 19th century agnostic orator Robert Green Ingersoll. He has written or edited eight books, including The New Encyclopedia of Unbelief (Prometheus, 2007).

Tom McLaughlin

Tom Napier

Tom Napier is a retired physicist/engineer.  He co-founded the Philadelphia Association for Critical Thinking (PhACT) and has written extensively on pseudoscience.

Tonya Keyser

Tonya Keyser wrote and produced a documentary (The Other Side: Giving up the Ghost) and two comedy films about the paranormal community. She writes for a popular blog ( and can be heard weekly on the Ghost Divas Live podcast on the Supernatural Radio Network.

Tracy King

Tracy King is a skeptical writer and marketing consultant in London, England.

Tyler A. Kokjohn

Tyler A. Kokjohn, PhD, is a professor of microbiology, Midwestern University, Glendale, Arizona, and a principal scientist at the Sun Health Research institute, Sun City, Arizona.

U. Kutschera

U. Kutschera is at the Institute of Biology, University of Kassel, Heinrich-Plett-Strasse 40, D-34109 Kassel, Germany.

Valerii Kuvakin

Valerii Kuvakin is the chairman of the Center for Inquiry/Moscow.

Vaughn Rees

Victor Stenger

Victor J. Stenger was emeritus professor of physics and astronomy at the University of Hawaii and Visiting Fellow in Philosophy at the University of Colorado. He died on August 25, 2014. His final book was God and the Multiverse: Humanity’s Expanding View of the Cosmos, and his previous books include Not By Design, Physics and Psychics, The Unconscious Quantum, and Timeless Reality: Symmetry, Simplicity, and Multiple Universes, and The Fallacy of Fine-Tuning: How the Universe is Not Designed for Humanity.

Virginia Jergens

Virginia Jergens is the editor of the Cincinnati Skeptic newsletter.

Vitaly L. Ginzburg

Vitaly L. Ginzburg is with the P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow, Russia, where he formerly headed the Theory Group. With Lev Landau, Ginzburg formulated a theory that explained in detail certain important questions about superconductivity. In December 2003, Ginzburg and physicists Alexei A. Abrikosov (Argonne National Laboratory) and Anthony J. Leggett (University of Illinois) were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for their contributions concerning superconductivity and superfluidity. E-mail:

V.S. Ramachandran

Warren Allen Smith

Warren Allen Smith is an editorial associate of Free Inquiry magazine.

Wendy Grossman

Wendy M. Grossman

Wendy M. Grossman is the founder and former editor (twice) of The Skeptic (U.K.) and a Committee for Skeptical Inquiry Fellow. Her writings can be found at and on Twitter at @wendyg.

Wesley Cecil

Willem Betz

Professor Willem Betz is the secretary of SKEPP.

William C. Keel

William C. Keel is in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Alabama.

William D. Stansfield

William Stansfield is emeritus professor, Biological Sciences Department, California Polytechnic State University. His books include The Science of Evolution and Death of a Rat: Understandings and Appreciations of Science.

William Evans

William Evans is assistant professor in the Department of Communication at Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30303.

William Grey

Dr. William Grey is Senior Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Queensland in Brisbane. Previous incarnations include President of Canberra Skeptics, and Canberra bureaucrat, where he did for public administration what Florence Foster Jenkins once did for the Queen of the Night.

William Hare

William Hare is professor emeritus in the faculty of education at Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3M 2J6. His books include In Defence of Open-mindedness (1985) and What Makes a Good Teacher (1993). He co-edited Key Questions for Educators (2007). His research interests focus on the intellectual virtues, especially open-mindedness. His website is at

William Harwood

William Harwood is the author of Mythology’s Last Gods (Prometheus, 1992), editor/translator of The Judaeo-Christian Bible Fully Translated (Imprintbooks 2001), and author of four books of fiction.

William H. Baarschers

William H. Baarschers is a professor emeritus of chemistry at Lakehead University in Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada. His research interests include the chemistry of medicinal plants, synthetic chemistry, environmental science, and industrial toxicology. He is currently the advisor to the university's Resource Center for Occupational Health and Safety. He is the author of Eco-Facts & Eco-Fiction: Understanding the Environmental Debate (Routledge, 1996).

William John Hoyt, Jr.

Bill Hoyt lives in and writes from Connecticut.

William Orem

William Orem is a freelance science writer living in Boston and Writer-in-Residence at Emerson College. His science blog for the Foundational Questions Institute can be found it

William M. London

William M. London's photo

William M. London is a professor of public health at Cal State LA, editor of Consumer Health Digest, and a scientific and technical consultant to the Committee on Skeptical Inquiry.

Wu Xianghong

Wu Xianghong is a doctoral candidate in philosophy and science at Renmin University of China, Beijing.

Yancy B. McDougal

Yancy B. McDougal is a professor and the chair of the Department of Psychology, University of South Carolina Upstate, Spartanburg, South Carolina.

Zoran Pazameta

Zoran Pazameta teaches astronomy and physics at Eastern Connecticut State University. His research interests include relativity, cosmology, and the philosophy of science.